The recently identified cytokine interleukin-23 (IL-23) consists of p19 and p40 subunits. The major cellular source of IL-23 is dendritic cells and/or macrophages. We investigated the expression of IL-23 p19 mRNA in human colonic subepithelial myofibroblasts (SEMFs). p19 mRNA was not expressed in unstimulated SEMFs, but IL-1beta and TNF-alpha strongly induced p19 mRNA expression in these cells. The effects of IL-1beta were much stronger than those of TNF-alpha. These responses were observed in both a dose- and time-dependent manner. Furthermore, these cytokines acted synergistically when used in combination. A blockade of NF-kappaB activation by the overexpression of a stable form of IkappaBalpha completely blocked these responses, indicating that the induction of p19 mRNA expression by IL-1beta and TNF-alpha was mediated by the NF-kappaB activation pathway. In conclusion, this is the first report demonstrating that IL-23 p19 mRNA is inducible in colonic myofibroblasts by IL-1beta and TNF-alpha. The p19 expression in these cells might play a role in mucosal immune responses.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||International journal of molecular medicine|
|Publication status||Published - 2005 Jan|
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