Interleukin-4 and IgE in seasonal allergic conjunctivitis

Hiroshi Fujishima, Jun Shimazaki, Tsutomu Takeuchi, Ichiro Saito, Kazuo Tsubota

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We measured interleukin-4 (IL-4) and IgE to study their presence in patients with seasonal allergic conjunctivitis. Twenty patients and 10 normal subjects were enrolled in this study, and their brush cytology samples and peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) were cultured for 3 or 24 h. IL-4 levels were measured using ELISA in the supernatants. Measurements of serum IgE were also performed. IL-4 was detected in 4 of 40 brush cytology samples and 10 of 40 PBL samples, but not from the controls. IL-4 positivity rate of patients was significantly higher than normal in 24-hour cultured PBL (p = 0.03). Patients’ serum IgE was also significantly higher (p = 0.006). IL-4 may contribute to the development of seasonal allergic conjunctivitis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)325-328
Number of pages4
JournalOphthalmologica
Volume210
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1996 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Allergic conjunctivitis
  • Brush cytology
  • Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay
  • Interleukin-4
  • Peripheral blood lymphocytes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems

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