An inguinal lymph node biopsy of a woman with a one-month history of a progressive fever, fatigue, dyspnea, skin rash, and lymphadenopathy revealed a well-preserved basic structure, hyperplastic germinal centers, and an interfollicular region containing polyclonal plasma cell sheets, suggesting plasma cell-type multicentric Castleman disease (MCD). We initiated prednisolone and anti-interleukin (IL)-6 antibody (tocilizumab), without success. A biopsy specimen re-evaluation detected CD20-positive atypical large B cells infiltrating the small vessels within and around the lymph node and its capsule. We diagnosed her with intravascular large B-cell lymphoma (IVLBCL). Lymphoma cells were weakly positive for IL-6 by immunohistochemical staining. IL-6 from lymphoma cells may have caused the MCD-like presentation as a paraneoplastic etiology. Malignant lymphoma should be excluded before diagnosing MCD.
- Intravascular large B-cell lymphoma
- Multicentric Castleman disease
- Paraneoplastic syndrome
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine