Adult-onset Still's disease is a systemic inflammatory disease characterized by high spiking fever, arthritis, evanescent skin rash, leukocytosis, and hyperferritinemia. The pathogenesis of adult-onset Still's disease has not been fully understood yet; however, multiple proinflammatory cytokines, such as IL-1β and IL-6, play important roles in the development of adult-onset Still's disease. IL-6 is a multifunctional cytokine that accelerates the differentiation of macrophages and cytotoxic T-cells and chemotaxis of neutrophils and macrophages. Serum concentrations of IL-6 well correlate with disease activity of adult-onset Still's disease, and blockade of IL-6 has been proven to be effective in active adult-onset Still's disease. This review will focus on the recent understanding of the role of proinflammatory cytokines of adult-onset Still's disease and the efficacy of IL-6 inhibitors for the treatment of adult-onset Still's disease.
- adult-onset Still’s disease
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