International productivity gaps and the export status of firms: Evidence from France and Japan

Flora Bellone, Kozo Kiyota, Toshiyuki Matsuura, Patrick Musso, Lionel Nesta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


This paper provides new evidence on international productivity gaps; this evidence is obtained from large-scale firm-level data from the French and Japanese manufacturing industries using non-parametric methodologies designed to overcome confidentiality restrictions. Our primary finding is that international productivity gaps are sensitive to the export status of firms. We also show that productivity differences between French and Japanese exporters vary across export destinations. We propose a simple analytical framework to relate those basic findings to the new models of international trade with heterogeneous firms. Under this framework, international firm-level productivity comparisons provide new insights into the importance of trade-related institutional and policy differences across countries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)56-74
Number of pages19
JournalEuropean Economic Review
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Oct


  • Exports
  • Firm heterogeneity
  • International productivity gap
  • Productivity distribution
  • Trade costs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Finance
  • Economics and Econometrics


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