Intracellular NF-HEV/IL-33 harbors essential roles in Ras-induced cellular transformation by contributing to cyclin D1 protein synthesis

Satoshi Ohta, Kenji Tago, Megumi Funakoshi-Tago, Jitsuhiro Matsugi, Ken Yanagisawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A member of the interleukin-1 family, interleukin-33 (NF-HEV/IL-33), is a ligand for the receptor, ST2L and stimulates the production of Th2 cytokines. Although IL-33 localizes to the nucleus and may be involved in the regulation of transcription independent of ST2L, its functions in the nucleus currently remain unclear. We herein demonstrated that the expression of IL-33 was markedly enhanced in NIH-3T3 cells transformed by an oncogenic H-Ras mutant (H-Ras (G12V)), and the induced IL-33 was mainly located in the nuclei of these cells. The enforced expression of IL-33 accelerated H-Ras (G12V)-induced transformation in NIH-3T3 cells, and this transforming activity was markedly reduced by the knockdown of IL-33 with shRNA. We subsequently analyzed several signaling molecules regulated by Ras in order to elucidate the mechanism by which IL-33 contributes to Ras (G12V)-induced transformation. We found that the knockdown of IL-33 effectively attenuated the Ras (G12V)-induced expression of cyclin D1. However, the knockdown of IL-33 failed to affect cyclin D1 mRNA expression levels, and epoxomicin, a proteasome inhibitor, did not cancel the IL-33 knockdown-induced down-regulation of its protein levels. We showed that Ras (G12V)-induced cyclin D1 protein synthesis was markedly suppressed by the knockdown of IL-33. Taken together, the results of the present study strongly suggest a novel role for IL-33 in cellular transformation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1025-1036
Number of pages12
JournalCellular Signalling
Volume28
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Aug 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cyclin D1
  • Cytokine
  • IL-33
  • Protein synthesis
  • Ras
  • Transformation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology

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