Five acoustic neurinomas have been operated with hearing preservation as a goal. We monitored intraoperative brainstem auditory evoked potentials (BAEP) in all five cases, electrocochleogram (ECoG) using needle electrode in external auditory meatus in four, and compound action potentials directly recorded from the cochlear nerve (CAP VIII) in three. In all five cases the tumor was totally resected and cochlear nerve was anatomically preserved. However, in only one case useful hearing was preserved with preservation of all wave forms of the BAEP. Another patient with preservation of all wave forms of BAEP and the ECoG showed postoperative severe hearing loss. Another three patients showed postoperative severe hearing loss: only Wave I of BAEP and ECoG were preserved without preservation of the CAP VIII in one whose cochlear nerve was thought to be damaged in cerebellopontine angle cistern; Wave I of BAEP, ECoG and CAP VIII were preserved in one in whom it was suggested cochlear nerve near brainstem or cochlear nucleus was damaged; none of the BAEP, ECoG and CAP VIII was preserved in one in whom it was suggested distal cochlear nerve, or internal auditory artery was damaged. These different patterns of changes suggested different causes for the hearing loss and difficulties in hearing preservation during acoustic neurinoma surgery. Having identified the putative mechanism of the hearing loss by monitoring those potentials, suggestions are made about how such hearing loss might be avoided. For preservation of the hearing in acoustic neurinoma surgery, all of those potentials including all wave forms of BAEP, ECoG and CAP VIII should be preserved during surgery. ECoG and CAP VIII were more rapid indicators of the reversible trauma to the auditory nerve than BAEP. It is suggested that monitoring those potentials may help to prevent injury to the auditory nerve.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Brain and Nerve|
|Publication status||Published - 1988|
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