This paper derives an analytical model for investigating the effect of the distribution of absorbers upon light attenuation in a scattering medium. Results from this are found to agree with those of Monte Carlo simulations. The implications of this model are then examined for their likely effect upon the measurement of cerebral blood volume (CBV) using near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy. We conclude that, given the small diameter of the majority of cerebral blood vessels, the distribution of the blood will have little effect upon the measurement of CBV. Where changes to the blood volume occur in the larger (>0.2 mm diameter) vessels on the surface of the brain, NIR spectroscopy is likely to underestimate the change.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging