Investigation of the effect of discrete scatterers in CSF layer on optical path length in the brain

Eiji Okada, David T. Delpy

    Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

    10 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Adequate modelling of light propagation in the complex and heterogeneous tissue of the human head is very important for quantitative near infrared spectroscopy and optical imaging. The presence of a clear and non-scattering CSF layer around the brain has been previously shown to strongly affect light propagation in the head. However the CSF layer is not totally filled with a non-scattering fluid and quite a few fine arachnoid trabeculae are actually present in the layer. In this study light propagation in an adult head model with discrete scatterers distributed within the CSF layer has been predicted by Monte Carlo simulation in order to investigate the effect of scattering caused by the arachnoid trabeculae in the CSF layer. Results show that the presence of the arachnoid trabeculae affect the total optical path length, a parameter which can be directly measured by time-resolved measurement. However, the partial optical path length in the brain tissue, which relates the sensitivity of the near infrared spectroscopy signal to absorption changes in the brain is strongly affected by the CSF layer even in the presence of the arachnoid trabeculae. The increased partial optical path length results from an increased lateral spreading of the NIR light within the grey matter of the cortex.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)196-203
    Number of pages8
    JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
    Volume4160
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2000 Dec 1
    EventPhoton Migration, Diffuse Spectroscopy, and Optical Coherence Tomography: Imaging and Functional Assessment - Amsterdam, Neth
    Duration: 2000 Jul 62000 Jul 8

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
    • Condensed Matter Physics
    • Computer Science Applications
    • Applied Mathematics
    • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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