NSAIDs such as celecoxib induce apoptosis in cancer cells. Although this apoptotic effect is involved in the anti-tumor activity associated with such drugs, the mechanism by which this occurs is not fully understood. We report here that various NSAIDs, including celecoxib, up-regulate PUMA, a Bcl-2 family protein with potent apoptosis-inducing activity, in human gastric carcinoma cell line, accompanying the induction of apoptosis. Experiments using siRNA and an intracellular Ca2+ chelator revealed that Ca2+-dependent up-regulation of ATF4 and CHOP is involved in this up-regulation of PUMA. The siRNA for PUMA inhibited the celecoxib-induced activation and translocation of Bax, release of cytochrome c into the cytosol and induction of apoptosis, suggesting that PUMA plays an important role in celecoxib-induced mitochondrial dysfunction and the resulting apoptosis.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - 2007 May 11|
- Endoplasmic reticulum
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology