We report a 9-year-old girl with Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS) type III, whose motor function deteriorated after an episode of febrile status epilepticus. The patient had leptomeningeal angiomas in the left temporal, occipital, and parietal lobes. Complex partial seizures, which started at 8 months, were controlled by antiepileptic medications. At 9 years of age, she developed irreversible ischemic lesions in the left temporal and occipital regions after the febrile status epilepticus and her motor function deteriorated. In addition to antiepileptic medications, aspirin therapy was started. SWS type III is a rare disorder characterized by leptomeningeal angiomatosis without facial nevus. In addition to the chronic ischemia in the affected cortex, epileptic seizures result in a phased progression of ischemia in SWS. Although the patient's complex partial seizures had been well-controlled, a single episode of febrile status epilepticus resulted in permanent brain lesions. The impairment of appropriate hemodynamic response to status epilepticus, together with venous hypertension in the affected side in SWS may have caused the cerebral infarction in our case. Seizure control is crucial to improving the neurological prognosis of SWS.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||No To Hattatsu|
|Publication status||Published - 2017|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Clinical Neurology