Is Calcification in the Regional Lymph Nodes a Benign Feature in Patients with Lung Cancer?

Keita Nakanishi, Kazuo Nakagawa, Keisuke Asakura, Yukihiro Yoshida, Hirokazu Watanabe, Shun ichi Watanabe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Calcified lymph nodes (LNs) on computed tomography (CT) in patients with lung cancer are generally considered to be a benign feature. However, few studies have evaluated the pathological status of such calcified LNs. We investigated the clinicopathological findings of patients with calcified LNs on preoperative CT who underwent operation for lung cancer and assessed the frequency of metastasis to calcified LNs as well as the risk factors associated with such metastases. Methods: This was a retrospective study of 72 consecutive patients with calcified LNs detected on preoperative CT who underwent pulmonary resection for primary lung cancer between 2011 and 2013. A total of 354 LN stations including 101 LN stations with calcified LNs were evaluated. Results: The frequency of metastasis to calcified LNs was 19.4% (14 of 72 patients) on a per-person basis and 18.8% (19 of 101 stations) on a per-nodal station basis. When the size of calcification was major (>5 mm), the frequency of metastasis to such calcified LNs was significantly lower than when it was minor (≦5 mm) on a per-nodal station basis (11.1% vs 27.7%, P = 0.043). Furthermore, when the size of calcification was major and the status of LN stations with calcified LNs was single, there was no metastasis to such LN stations (0 of 26 stations). Conclusions: The frequency of metastasis to calcified LNs was about 20% on both a per-person and a per-nodal station basis. Although calcified LNs as well as non-calcified LNs should be dissected during operation, dissection of a single LN station with calcification, particularly major calcification, can be omitted.

Original languageEnglish
JournalWorld Journal of Surgery
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

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Lung Neoplasms
Lymph Nodes
Neoplasm Metastasis
Tomography
Dissection
Retrospective Studies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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Is Calcification in the Regional Lymph Nodes a Benign Feature in Patients with Lung Cancer? / Nakanishi, Keita; Nakagawa, Kazuo; Asakura, Keisuke; Yoshida, Yukihiro; Watanabe, Hirokazu; Watanabe, Shun ichi.

In: World Journal of Surgery, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nakanishi, Keita ; Nakagawa, Kazuo ; Asakura, Keisuke ; Yoshida, Yukihiro ; Watanabe, Hirokazu ; Watanabe, Shun ichi. / Is Calcification in the Regional Lymph Nodes a Benign Feature in Patients with Lung Cancer?. In: World Journal of Surgery. 2019.
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title = "Is Calcification in the Regional Lymph Nodes a Benign Feature in Patients with Lung Cancer?",
abstract = "Background: Calcified lymph nodes (LNs) on computed tomography (CT) in patients with lung cancer are generally considered to be a benign feature. However, few studies have evaluated the pathological status of such calcified LNs. We investigated the clinicopathological findings of patients with calcified LNs on preoperative CT who underwent operation for lung cancer and assessed the frequency of metastasis to calcified LNs as well as the risk factors associated with such metastases. Methods: This was a retrospective study of 72 consecutive patients with calcified LNs detected on preoperative CT who underwent pulmonary resection for primary lung cancer between 2011 and 2013. A total of 354 LN stations including 101 LN stations with calcified LNs were evaluated. Results: The frequency of metastasis to calcified LNs was 19.4{\%} (14 of 72 patients) on a per-person basis and 18.8{\%} (19 of 101 stations) on a per-nodal station basis. When the size of calcification was major (>5 mm), the frequency of metastasis to such calcified LNs was significantly lower than when it was minor (≦5 mm) on a per-nodal station basis (11.1{\%} vs 27.7{\%}, P = 0.043). Furthermore, when the size of calcification was major and the status of LN stations with calcified LNs was single, there was no metastasis to such LN stations (0 of 26 stations). Conclusions: The frequency of metastasis to calcified LNs was about 20{\%} on both a per-person and a per-nodal station basis. Although calcified LNs as well as non-calcified LNs should be dissected during operation, dissection of a single LN station with calcification, particularly major calcification, can be omitted.",
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AU - Asakura, Keisuke

AU - Yoshida, Yukihiro

AU - Watanabe, Hirokazu

AU - Watanabe, Shun ichi

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N2 - Background: Calcified lymph nodes (LNs) on computed tomography (CT) in patients with lung cancer are generally considered to be a benign feature. However, few studies have evaluated the pathological status of such calcified LNs. We investigated the clinicopathological findings of patients with calcified LNs on preoperative CT who underwent operation for lung cancer and assessed the frequency of metastasis to calcified LNs as well as the risk factors associated with such metastases. Methods: This was a retrospective study of 72 consecutive patients with calcified LNs detected on preoperative CT who underwent pulmonary resection for primary lung cancer between 2011 and 2013. A total of 354 LN stations including 101 LN stations with calcified LNs were evaluated. Results: The frequency of metastasis to calcified LNs was 19.4% (14 of 72 patients) on a per-person basis and 18.8% (19 of 101 stations) on a per-nodal station basis. When the size of calcification was major (>5 mm), the frequency of metastasis to such calcified LNs was significantly lower than when it was minor (≦5 mm) on a per-nodal station basis (11.1% vs 27.7%, P = 0.043). Furthermore, when the size of calcification was major and the status of LN stations with calcified LNs was single, there was no metastasis to such LN stations (0 of 26 stations). Conclusions: The frequency of metastasis to calcified LNs was about 20% on both a per-person and a per-nodal station basis. Although calcified LNs as well as non-calcified LNs should be dissected during operation, dissection of a single LN station with calcification, particularly major calcification, can be omitted.

AB - Background: Calcified lymph nodes (LNs) on computed tomography (CT) in patients with lung cancer are generally considered to be a benign feature. However, few studies have evaluated the pathological status of such calcified LNs. We investigated the clinicopathological findings of patients with calcified LNs on preoperative CT who underwent operation for lung cancer and assessed the frequency of metastasis to calcified LNs as well as the risk factors associated with such metastases. Methods: This was a retrospective study of 72 consecutive patients with calcified LNs detected on preoperative CT who underwent pulmonary resection for primary lung cancer between 2011 and 2013. A total of 354 LN stations including 101 LN stations with calcified LNs were evaluated. Results: The frequency of metastasis to calcified LNs was 19.4% (14 of 72 patients) on a per-person basis and 18.8% (19 of 101 stations) on a per-nodal station basis. When the size of calcification was major (>5 mm), the frequency of metastasis to such calcified LNs was significantly lower than when it was minor (≦5 mm) on a per-nodal station basis (11.1% vs 27.7%, P = 0.043). Furthermore, when the size of calcification was major and the status of LN stations with calcified LNs was single, there was no metastasis to such LN stations (0 of 26 stations). Conclusions: The frequency of metastasis to calcified LNs was about 20% on both a per-person and a per-nodal station basis. Although calcified LNs as well as non-calcified LNs should be dissected during operation, dissection of a single LN station with calcification, particularly major calcification, can be omitted.

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