Is surgical resection indicated for a solitary non-small cell lung cancer recurrence?

Tomoyuki Hishida, Kanji Nagai, Junji Yoshida, Mitsuyo Nishimura, Gen Ichiro Ishii, Motoki Iwasaki, Yutaka Nishiwaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)


Objectives: Some investigators have reported long-term survival after surgical resection of a solitary non-small cell lung cancer recurrence in various sites. However, the role and indications of the second operation remain unclear. Methods: We reviewed 28 patients with a solitary recurrence after successful initial resection of primary non-small cell lung cancer who underwent resection of the recurrent lesion. The clinicopathologic factors associated with outcome were analyzed. Results: There were 17 men and 11 women. Recurrence resection was performed for the following sites: 16 in the lung, 5 in the brain, 2 in the adrenal gland, and 1 each in the chest wall, stomach, skin, pelvic lymph node, and malar bone. The median survival time was 25 months, and the 1-, 2-, and 5-year survival rates after recurrence were 89%, 59%, and 32%, respectively. Advanced p-stage (p-stage II and III, n = 14) of the primary tumor was the significant negative prognostic factor. Patients with p-stage II or III had survival equivalent to that of those who had multiple recurrences or were unfit for further surgical intervention. Conclusions: Resection of a solitary non-small cell lung cancer recurrence might provide long-term survival in highly selected patients. However, surgical resection might be contraindicated if the primary tumor is stage II or III.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)838-842
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Apr
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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