Is the genetic structure of human personality universal? A cross-cultural twin study from North America, Europe, and Asia

Shinji Yamagata, Atsunobu Suzuki, Jyukou Andou, Yutaka Ono, Nobuhiko Kijima, Kimio Yoshimura, Fritz Ostendorf, Alois Angleitner, Rainer Riemann, Frank M. Spinath, W. John Livesley, Kerry L. Jang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

192 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study examined whether universality of the 5-factor model (FFM) of personality operationalized by the Revised NEO Personality Inventory is due to genetic influences that are invariant across diverse nations. Factor analyses were conducted on matrices of phenotypic, genetic, and environmental correlations estimated in a sample of 1,209 monozygotic and 701 dizygotic twin pairs from Canada, Germany, and Japan. Five genetic and environmental factors were extracted for each sample. High congruence coefficients were observed when phenotypic, genetic, and environmental factors were compared in each sample as well as when each factor was compared across samples. These results suggest that the FFM has a solid biological basis and may represent a common heritage of the human species.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)987-998
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Personality and Social Psychology
Volume90
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Jun

Fingerprint

Northern Asia
twin studies
Dizygotic Twins
Personality Inventory
Twin Studies
Genetic Structures
North America
Statistical Factor Analysis
Canada
Germany
Personality
Japan
personality
heredity
environmental factors

Keywords

  • Behavioral genetics
  • Five-factor model
  • Revised NEO Personality Inventory
  • Twin study
  • Universality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

Is the genetic structure of human personality universal? A cross-cultural twin study from North America, Europe, and Asia. / Yamagata, Shinji; Suzuki, Atsunobu; Andou, Jyukou; Ono, Yutaka; Kijima, Nobuhiko; Yoshimura, Kimio; Ostendorf, Fritz; Angleitner, Alois; Riemann, Rainer; Spinath, Frank M.; Livesley, W. John; Jang, Kerry L.

In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 90, No. 6, 06.2006, p. 987-998.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Yamagata, Shinji ; Suzuki, Atsunobu ; Andou, Jyukou ; Ono, Yutaka ; Kijima, Nobuhiko ; Yoshimura, Kimio ; Ostendorf, Fritz ; Angleitner, Alois ; Riemann, Rainer ; Spinath, Frank M. ; Livesley, W. John ; Jang, Kerry L. / Is the genetic structure of human personality universal? A cross-cultural twin study from North America, Europe, and Asia. In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 2006 ; Vol. 90, No. 6. pp. 987-998.
@article{7bc5524388964191937b6c25108b837c,
title = "Is the genetic structure of human personality universal? A cross-cultural twin study from North America, Europe, and Asia",
abstract = "This study examined whether universality of the 5-factor model (FFM) of personality operationalized by the Revised NEO Personality Inventory is due to genetic influences that are invariant across diverse nations. Factor analyses were conducted on matrices of phenotypic, genetic, and environmental correlations estimated in a sample of 1,209 monozygotic and 701 dizygotic twin pairs from Canada, Germany, and Japan. Five genetic and environmental factors were extracted for each sample. High congruence coefficients were observed when phenotypic, genetic, and environmental factors were compared in each sample as well as when each factor was compared across samples. These results suggest that the FFM has a solid biological basis and may represent a common heritage of the human species.",
keywords = "Behavioral genetics, Five-factor model, Revised NEO Personality Inventory, Twin study, Universality",
author = "Shinji Yamagata and Atsunobu Suzuki and Jyukou Andou and Yutaka Ono and Nobuhiko Kijima and Kimio Yoshimura and Fritz Ostendorf and Alois Angleitner and Rainer Riemann and Spinath, {Frank M.} and Livesley, {W. John} and Jang, {Kerry L.}",
year = "2006",
month = "6",
doi = "10.1037/0022-3514.90.6.987",
language = "English",
volume = "90",
pages = "987--998",
journal = "Journal of Personality and Social Psychology",
issn = "0022-3514",
publisher = "American Psychological Association Inc.",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Is the genetic structure of human personality universal? A cross-cultural twin study from North America, Europe, and Asia

AU - Yamagata, Shinji

AU - Suzuki, Atsunobu

AU - Andou, Jyukou

AU - Ono, Yutaka

AU - Kijima, Nobuhiko

AU - Yoshimura, Kimio

AU - Ostendorf, Fritz

AU - Angleitner, Alois

AU - Riemann, Rainer

AU - Spinath, Frank M.

AU - Livesley, W. John

AU - Jang, Kerry L.

PY - 2006/6

Y1 - 2006/6

N2 - This study examined whether universality of the 5-factor model (FFM) of personality operationalized by the Revised NEO Personality Inventory is due to genetic influences that are invariant across diverse nations. Factor analyses were conducted on matrices of phenotypic, genetic, and environmental correlations estimated in a sample of 1,209 monozygotic and 701 dizygotic twin pairs from Canada, Germany, and Japan. Five genetic and environmental factors were extracted for each sample. High congruence coefficients were observed when phenotypic, genetic, and environmental factors were compared in each sample as well as when each factor was compared across samples. These results suggest that the FFM has a solid biological basis and may represent a common heritage of the human species.

AB - This study examined whether universality of the 5-factor model (FFM) of personality operationalized by the Revised NEO Personality Inventory is due to genetic influences that are invariant across diverse nations. Factor analyses were conducted on matrices of phenotypic, genetic, and environmental correlations estimated in a sample of 1,209 monozygotic and 701 dizygotic twin pairs from Canada, Germany, and Japan. Five genetic and environmental factors were extracted for each sample. High congruence coefficients were observed when phenotypic, genetic, and environmental factors were compared in each sample as well as when each factor was compared across samples. These results suggest that the FFM has a solid biological basis and may represent a common heritage of the human species.

KW - Behavioral genetics

KW - Five-factor model

KW - Revised NEO Personality Inventory

KW - Twin study

KW - Universality

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33746255593&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33746255593&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1037/0022-3514.90.6.987

DO - 10.1037/0022-3514.90.6.987

M3 - Article

C2 - 16784347

AN - SCOPUS:33746255593

VL - 90

SP - 987

EP - 998

JO - Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

JF - Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

SN - 0022-3514

IS - 6

ER -