Isolation and identification of a plant growth inhibitor from Tinospora tuberculata Beumee

Hisashi Kato-Noguchi, Piyatida Pukclai, Osamu Ohno, Kiyotake Suenaga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Tinospora tuberculata Beumee has been used widely as a folk medicine and several bioactive compounds have been isolated. However, no herbicidal compound has been reported in this species. Therefore, we investigated the presence of phytotoxins in T. tuberculata. The aqueous methanol extracts of T. tuberculata inhibited the growth of roots and shoots of cress (Lepidum sativum L.), lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.), timothy (Phleum pratense L.) and barnyard grass (Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) Beauv.). The extract was then purified by several chromatographic runs with monitoring the inhibitory activity and the main phytotoxic substance was isolated. The chemical structure of the compound was determined by spectral data as syringin (4-[(1E)-3-Hydroxyprop-1-en-1-yl]-2,6-dimethoxyphenyl β-d-glucopyranoside). It inhibited the root and shoot growth of all test plant species at concentrations >10 μM. The concentrations required for 50 % inhibition of root and shoot growth of cress and lettuce ranged from 78.2 to 412 μM, and that of timothy and barnyard grass renged from 9.8 to 73.2 μM. Effectiveness of syringin on monocotyledonous (timothy and barnyard grass) plants was greater than that on dicotyledonous (cress and lettuce) plants. These results suggest that syringin may contribute to the allelopathic effect caused by the T. tuberculata extract.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1621-1626
Number of pages6
JournalActa Physiologiae Plantarum
Volume36
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jun

Keywords

  • Allelopathy
  • Bioactive compound
  • Menispermaceae
  • Phytotoxin
  • Syringin
  • Tinospora tuberculata

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Plant Science

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