Bromoiesol sulfates A (1) and B (2), new polyhalogenated aryl sulfates, were isolated from a Salileptolyngbya sp. marine cyanobacterium along with their hydrolyzed compounds, bromoiesols A (3) and B (4). To pick up the candidates of their structures, we used Small Molecule Accurate Recognition Technology (SMART), an artificial intelligence-based structure-prediction tool, and their structures were elucidated on the basis of single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis of bromoiesols (3 and 4). In addition, to verify the structures, the total synthesis of bromoiesol A sulfate (1) and bromoiesol A (3) was achieved. The bromoiesol family, especially bromoiesols (3 and 4), selectively inhibited the growth of the bloodstream form of Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense, the causative agent of human African sleeping sickness.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Organic Chemistry