Notch signaling inhibitors with the potential of immune suppressor production by pathogenic bacteria for easy host infection were searched from extracts of Nocardia sp. Nocobactin NA-a (compound 1) and nocobactin NA-b (compound 2), which have been suggested as pathogenesis factors, were isolated from N. farcinica IFM 11523 isolated from the sputum of a Japanese patient with chronic bronchitis. Compounds 1 and 2 showed Notch inhibitory activities with IC50 values of 12.4 and 17.6 μM, respectively. Compound 1 and 2 decreased of Notch1 protein, Notch intracellular domain, and hairy and enhancer of split 1, which is a Notch signaling target protein. In addition, compounds 1 and 2 showed cytotoxicity against mouse macrophage-like cell line RAW264.7 with IC50 values of 18.9 and 21.1 μM, respectively. These results suggested that the Notch inhibitors production by pathogenic bacteria may increase pathogen infectivity.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Drug Discovery