Isoproterenol stress test for the evaluation of the residual stenosis of the right ventricular outflow tract

T. Suzuki, T. Fukuda, I. Kashima, M. Sato, M. Miura, H. Ueda, S. Yoshiba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Hemodynamic changes of the right side of the heart during isoproterenol stress test were assessed and analyzed in 36 patients who underwent definitive repair of tetralogy of Fallot or double outlet right ventricle with pulmonary stenosis. Patients having atresia of the pulmonary artery were excluded from the study. 24 of the patients had previously undergone reconstruction of the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) with preserving the pulmonary valvar annulus (group N), whilst the remaining 12 patients had undergone transannular enlargement of RVOT with a patch (group T). Preservation of the pulmonary valvar annulus was determined when the intra-operative measurement of diameter of the pulmonary valvar annulus showed values greater than 90% of normal. In both groups, the isoproterenol infusion increased the right to left ventricular peak pressure (RVP/LVP) ratio, pressure gradient between the right ventricle and main pulmonary artery (RV-mPAP), and pressure gradient between the main pulmonary artery and peripheral pulmonary artery (m-pPAP). These values were significantly higher than those measured at rest. When comparisons were made between groups, RV-mPAP of group N was significantly higher than that of group T, both at rest and during stress test. By contrast, m-pPAP of group T was significantly higher than that of group N, both at rest and during stress test. Although no significant difference was found between the groups in RVP/LVP at rest and during stress test, RVP/LVP of both groups increased to the level of more than 0.6 after the isoproterenol infusion. These results led us to conclude that preservation of the pulmonary valvar annulus was better to be applied only to the patients who fulfilled our criterions. Additionally, in the setting of patch reconstruction of the pulmonary artery, every effort should be made so as not to leave the residual stenosis of the peripheral pulmonary artery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)702-706
Number of pages5
JournalKyobu geka. The Japanese journal of thoracic surgery
Volume54
Issue number8 Suppl
Publication statusPublished - 2001 Jul

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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    Suzuki, T., Fukuda, T., Kashima, I., Sato, M., Miura, M., Ueda, H., & Yoshiba, S. (2001). Isoproterenol stress test for the evaluation of the residual stenosis of the right ventricular outflow tract. Kyobu geka. The Japanese journal of thoracic surgery, 54(8 Suppl), 702-706.