Japan’s capital construction law of 1950: Politics and problems of creating a legislative framework for the planning of Tokyo

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Abstract

Japan’s Capital Construction Law, enacted in 1950, was intended to create the ability to obtain special financial assistance from the state to break the impasse of Tokyo’s reconstruction by regarding its planning and development as a national undertaking. However, recent studies in Japan’s planning history claim that the law was an infringement of local autonomy. This article considers how this law was discussed in the National Diet, which enacted it, and in a local referendum among Tokyoites as well as how its original proponents, particularly the metropolitan government planner Hideaki Ishikawa, who created the reconstruction plan for Tokyo, justified it.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)346-363
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Planning History
Volume15
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Nov 1

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construction law
politics
reconstruction
Japan
planning history
referendum
financial assistance
planning
Law
autonomy
diet
ability
history

Keywords

  • Capital construction law
  • Hideaki Ishikawa
  • Japan’s city planning
  • Tokyo

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development

Cite this

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