Sumanene is a typical buckybowl molecule with C3v symmetry. We observed a fluorescence excitation spectrum and a dispersed fluorescence spectrum of sumanene in a supersonic jet. Bowl effects were clarified by comparing the spectra with those of triphenylene (D3h symmetry), which is a planar prototype of nonplanar sumanene. The S1 1A1 ← S0 1A1 transition is symmetry allowed. We found the 000 band in the fluorescence excitation spectrum at 357.78 nm; this band was missing in the forbidden S 1A1′1 ← S0A1′1 transition of triphenylene. The transition moment was shown to be along the oblate symmetric top axis (out of plane) by the observed rotational contour. A large number of vibronic bands were observed, unlike in triphenylene. Some were considered to be out-of-plane vibrational modes, which lead to a bowl-to-bowl inversion reaction assisted by in-plane vibrations. We found that the vibronic bands were markedly weak in the high energy region of triphenylene-d12. This indicates that the fluorescence quantum yield is very low at the high vibrational levels in the S1 state due to the rapid radiationless transition. The main process is considered to be internal conversion to the S0 state. The nonplanar structural distortion may also enhance radiationless transitions. We could not, however, observe weakening of the vibronic bands in the fluorescence excitation spectrum of sumanene.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry