Job crafting, work engagement, and psychological distress among Japanese employees: A cross-sectional study

Asuka Sakuraya, Akihito Shimazu, Hisashi Eguchi, Kimika Kamiyama, Yujiro Hara, Katsuyuki Namba, Norito Kawakami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Job crafting, an employee-initiated job design/redesign, has become important for employees' well-being. However, most studies on the relationship between job crafting and employees' well-being have been conducted in western countries; thus, it is unclear whether job crafting can be effectively applied to Asian cultures, such as Japan, which emphasizes group harmony. The aim of this study was to examine the cross-sectional associations of self-reported job crafting with work engagement and psychological distress among employees in Japan. Method: A questionnaire survey through the internet was conducted among all employees of a manufacturing company in Japan. We analyzed the data from 894 respondents, all employees with regular employment. Job crafting, work engagement, and psychological distress were assessed using the Japanese version of the Job Crafting Questionnaire, the Japanese version of the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale (UWES), and the Brief Job Stress Questionnaire (BJSQ), respectively. Result: Hierarchical multiple regression showed that increasing structural job resources, social job resources, and challenging job demands was significantly and positively associated with work engagement (β = 0.31, p < 0.001; β = 0.14, p < 0.001; β = 0.36, p < 0.001, respectively). For psychological distress, increasing structural job resources was significantly and negatively associated with psychological distress (β = -0.15, p < 0.001). Conclusion: Our study suggests that increasing structural job resources is associated with higher work engagement and lower psychological distress. In addition, increasing social job resources and challenging job demands are also associated with higher work engagement.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6
JournalBioPsychoSocial Medicine
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Feb 10
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Cross-Sectional Studies
Psychology
Japan
Internet
Surveys and Questionnaires

Keywords

  • Employee well-being
  • Job crafting
  • Job demands-resources model
  • Psychological distress
  • Work engagement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Psychology(all)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry

Cite this

Job crafting, work engagement, and psychological distress among Japanese employees : A cross-sectional study. / Sakuraya, Asuka; Shimazu, Akihito; Eguchi, Hisashi; Kamiyama, Kimika; Hara, Yujiro; Namba, Katsuyuki; Kawakami, Norito.

In: BioPsychoSocial Medicine, Vol. 11, No. 1, 6, 10.02.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sakuraya, Asuka ; Shimazu, Akihito ; Eguchi, Hisashi ; Kamiyama, Kimika ; Hara, Yujiro ; Namba, Katsuyuki ; Kawakami, Norito. / Job crafting, work engagement, and psychological distress among Japanese employees : A cross-sectional study. In: BioPsychoSocial Medicine. 2017 ; Vol. 11, No. 1.
@article{0323cc6fd7664ccea0d8998840936cf1,
title = "Job crafting, work engagement, and psychological distress among Japanese employees: A cross-sectional study",
abstract = "Background: Job crafting, an employee-initiated job design/redesign, has become important for employees' well-being. However, most studies on the relationship between job crafting and employees' well-being have been conducted in western countries; thus, it is unclear whether job crafting can be effectively applied to Asian cultures, such as Japan, which emphasizes group harmony. The aim of this study was to examine the cross-sectional associations of self-reported job crafting with work engagement and psychological distress among employees in Japan. Method: A questionnaire survey through the internet was conducted among all employees of a manufacturing company in Japan. We analyzed the data from 894 respondents, all employees with regular employment. Job crafting, work engagement, and psychological distress were assessed using the Japanese version of the Job Crafting Questionnaire, the Japanese version of the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale (UWES), and the Brief Job Stress Questionnaire (BJSQ), respectively. Result: Hierarchical multiple regression showed that increasing structural job resources, social job resources, and challenging job demands was significantly and positively associated with work engagement (β = 0.31, p < 0.001; β = 0.14, p < 0.001; β = 0.36, p < 0.001, respectively). For psychological distress, increasing structural job resources was significantly and negatively associated with psychological distress (β = -0.15, p < 0.001). Conclusion: Our study suggests that increasing structural job resources is associated with higher work engagement and lower psychological distress. In addition, increasing social job resources and challenging job demands are also associated with higher work engagement.",
keywords = "Employee well-being, Job crafting, Job demands-resources model, Psychological distress, Work engagement",
author = "Asuka Sakuraya and Akihito Shimazu and Hisashi Eguchi and Kimika Kamiyama and Yujiro Hara and Katsuyuki Namba and Norito Kawakami",
year = "2017",
month = "2",
day = "10",
doi = "10.1186/s13030-017-0091-y",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
journal = "BioPsychoSocial Medicine",
issn = "1751-0759",
publisher = "BioMed Central",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Job crafting, work engagement, and psychological distress among Japanese employees

T2 - A cross-sectional study

AU - Sakuraya, Asuka

AU - Shimazu, Akihito

AU - Eguchi, Hisashi

AU - Kamiyama, Kimika

AU - Hara, Yujiro

AU - Namba, Katsuyuki

AU - Kawakami, Norito

PY - 2017/2/10

Y1 - 2017/2/10

N2 - Background: Job crafting, an employee-initiated job design/redesign, has become important for employees' well-being. However, most studies on the relationship between job crafting and employees' well-being have been conducted in western countries; thus, it is unclear whether job crafting can be effectively applied to Asian cultures, such as Japan, which emphasizes group harmony. The aim of this study was to examine the cross-sectional associations of self-reported job crafting with work engagement and psychological distress among employees in Japan. Method: A questionnaire survey through the internet was conducted among all employees of a manufacturing company in Japan. We analyzed the data from 894 respondents, all employees with regular employment. Job crafting, work engagement, and psychological distress were assessed using the Japanese version of the Job Crafting Questionnaire, the Japanese version of the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale (UWES), and the Brief Job Stress Questionnaire (BJSQ), respectively. Result: Hierarchical multiple regression showed that increasing structural job resources, social job resources, and challenging job demands was significantly and positively associated with work engagement (β = 0.31, p < 0.001; β = 0.14, p < 0.001; β = 0.36, p < 0.001, respectively). For psychological distress, increasing structural job resources was significantly and negatively associated with psychological distress (β = -0.15, p < 0.001). Conclusion: Our study suggests that increasing structural job resources is associated with higher work engagement and lower psychological distress. In addition, increasing social job resources and challenging job demands are also associated with higher work engagement.

AB - Background: Job crafting, an employee-initiated job design/redesign, has become important for employees' well-being. However, most studies on the relationship between job crafting and employees' well-being have been conducted in western countries; thus, it is unclear whether job crafting can be effectively applied to Asian cultures, such as Japan, which emphasizes group harmony. The aim of this study was to examine the cross-sectional associations of self-reported job crafting with work engagement and psychological distress among employees in Japan. Method: A questionnaire survey through the internet was conducted among all employees of a manufacturing company in Japan. We analyzed the data from 894 respondents, all employees with regular employment. Job crafting, work engagement, and psychological distress were assessed using the Japanese version of the Job Crafting Questionnaire, the Japanese version of the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale (UWES), and the Brief Job Stress Questionnaire (BJSQ), respectively. Result: Hierarchical multiple regression showed that increasing structural job resources, social job resources, and challenging job demands was significantly and positively associated with work engagement (β = 0.31, p < 0.001; β = 0.14, p < 0.001; β = 0.36, p < 0.001, respectively). For psychological distress, increasing structural job resources was significantly and negatively associated with psychological distress (β = -0.15, p < 0.001). Conclusion: Our study suggests that increasing structural job resources is associated with higher work engagement and lower psychological distress. In addition, increasing social job resources and challenging job demands are also associated with higher work engagement.

KW - Employee well-being

KW - Job crafting

KW - Job demands-resources model

KW - Psychological distress

KW - Work engagement

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85012067043&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85012067043&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1186/s13030-017-0091-y

DO - 10.1186/s13030-017-0091-y

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85012067043

VL - 11

JO - BioPsychoSocial Medicine

JF - BioPsychoSocial Medicine

SN - 1751-0759

IS - 1

M1 - 6

ER -