Joint Separation and Dereverberation of Reverberant Mixtures with Determined Multichannel Non-Negative Matrix Factorization

Hideaki Kagami, Hirokazu Kameoka, Masahiro Yukawa

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

    7 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    This paper proposes an extension of multichannel non-negative matrix factorization (MNMF) that simultaneously solves source separation and dereverberation. While MNMF was originally formulated under an underdetermined problem setting where sources can outnumber microphones, a determined counterpart of MNMF, which we call the determined MNMF (DMNMF), has recently been proposed with notable success. This approach is particularly notable in that the optimization process can be more than 30 times faster than the underdetermined version owing to the fact that it involves no matrix inversion computations. One drawback as regards all methods based on instantaneous mixture models, including MNMF, is that they are weak against long reverberation. To overcome this drawback, this paper proposes an extension of DMNMF using a frequency-domain convolutive mixture model. The optimization process of the proposed method consists of iteratively updating (i) the spectral parameters of each source using the majorization-minimization algorithm, (ii) the separation matrix using iterative projection, and (iii) the dereverberation filters using multichannel linear prediction. Experimental results showed that the proposed method yielded higher separation performance and dereverberation performance than the baseline method under highly reverberant environments.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publication2018 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, ICASSP 2018 - Proceedings
    PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
    Pages31-35
    Number of pages5
    Volume2018-April
    ISBN (Print)9781538646588
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2018 Sep 10
    Event2018 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, ICASSP 2018 - Calgary, Canada
    Duration: 2018 Apr 152018 Apr 20

    Other

    Other2018 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, ICASSP 2018
    CountryCanada
    CityCalgary
    Period18/4/1518/4/20

    Keywords

    • Blind dereverberation
    • Blind source separation
    • Independent component analysis
    • Non-negative matrix factorization

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Software
    • Signal Processing
    • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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  • Cite this

    Kagami, H., Kameoka, H., & Yukawa, M. (2018). Joint Separation and Dereverberation of Reverberant Mixtures with Determined Multichannel Non-Negative Matrix Factorization. In 2018 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, ICASSP 2018 - Proceedings (Vol. 2018-April, pp. 31-35). [8462080] Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/ICASSP.2018.8462080