Karaoke together vs. Bowling alone: Scenes illuminate how western rules can be transformed to drive development and democracy

Terry Nichols Clark, Chad D. Anderson, Miree Byun, Wonho Jang, Seokho Kim, Yoshiaki Kobayashi, Jong Youl Lee, Clemente J. Navarro Yáñez, Daniel Silver, Di Wu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Citations (Scopus)


What drives workplace and political collaboration, democracy, trust, economic and population growth? Or protest against them? The Western models emerging from Putnam, Verba et al., Florida, Glaeser, Lloyd, Scott, and Porter stress variables that sometimes shift dramatically in Asia. Those relying on individualism and personal initiative, from Tocqueville on which stress participation as driving legitimacy, and bohemia as innovating often fail or shift drastically in a new study of related dynamics in China, Korea, and Japan, compared to the United States, Canada, France, and Spain. Karaoke restaurants and bars can play critical roles, reinforcing workplace and family solidarity, while organized groups shift in their dynamics from the West. We are constructing a multilevel interpretative framework specifying how cultural, political, and economic dynamics interpenetrate in distinct but varying combinations. How engaged or alienated are young persons, workers, and the general public shift other processes. Arts and culture can build glamour and charisma, or alienate as transgressive and inauthentic; each varies by context.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCan Tocqueville Karaoke. Global Contrasts of Citizen Participation, The Arts and Development
PublisherEmerald Group Publishing Ltd.
Number of pages16
ISBN (Print)9781781907368
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Publication series

NameResearch in Urban Policy
ISSN (Print)1479-3520


  • Arts
  • Bohemia
  • Culture
  • Democracy
  • Economic development
  • Participation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urban Studies
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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