Krimper Enforces an Antisense Bias on piRNA Pools by Binding AGO3 in the Drosophila Germline

Kaoru Sato, Yuka Iwasaki, Aoi Shibuya, Piero Carninci, Yuuta Tsuchizawa, Hirotsugu Ishizu, Mikiko C. Siomi, Haruhiko Siomi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Piwi-interacting RNAs (piRNAs) suppress transposon activity in animal germ cells. In the Drosophila ovary, primary Aubergine (Aub)-bound antisense piRNAs initiate the ping-pong cycle to produce secondary AGO3-bound sense piRNAs. This increases the number of secondary Aub-bound antisense piRNAs that can act to destroy transposon mRNAs. Here we show that Krimper (Krimp), a Tudor-domain protein, directly interacts with piRNA-free AGO3 to promote symmetrical dimethylarginine (sDMA) modification, ensuring sense piRNA-loading onto sDMA-modified AGO3. In aub mutant ovaries, AGO3 associates with ping-pong signature piRNAs, suggesting AGO3's compatibility with primary piRNA loading. Krimp sequesters ectopically expressed AGO3 within Krimp bodies in cultured ovarian somatic cells (OSCs), in which only the primary piRNA pathway operates. Upon krimp-RNAi in OSCs, AGO3 loads with piRNAs, further showing the capacity of AGO3 for primary piRNA loading. We propose that Krimp enforces an antisense bias on piRNA pools by binding AGO3 and blocking its access to primary piRNAs. Sato et al. show that Krimper, a Tudor-domain protein, interacts with unmethylated AGO3 to promote AGO3 methylation, localization to nuage, and Aub-AGO3 piRNA amplification. Krimper also blocks primary piRNA loading onto AGO3, enforcing an antisense bias on the piRNA pool.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)553-563
Number of pages11
JournalMolecular Cell
Volume59
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Aug 20

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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