Langerhans cells are critical in epicutaneous sensitization with protein antigen via thymic stromal lymphopoietin receptor signaling

Saeko Nakajima, Botond Z. Igyártó, Tetsuya Honda, Gyohei Egawa, Atsushi Otsuka, Mariko Chikuma, Norihiko Watanabe, Steven F. Ziegler, Michio Tomura, Kayo Inaba, Yoshiki Miyachi, Daniel H. Kaplan, Kenji Kabashima

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Abstract

Background: The clarification of cutaneous dendritic cell subset and the role of thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) signaling in epicutaneous sensitization with protein antigens, as in the development of atopic dermatitis, is a crucial issue. Objectives: Because TSLP is highly expressed in the vicinity of Langerhans cells (LCs), we sought to clarify our hypothesis that LCs play an essential role in epicutaneous sensitization with protein antigens through TSLP signaling. Methods: By using Langerin-diphtheria toxin receptor knock-in mice and human Langerin-diphtheria toxin A transgenic mice, we prepared mice deficient in LCs. We also prepared mice deficient in TSLP receptors in LCs by using TSLP receptor-deficient mice with bone marrow chimeric technique. We applied these mice to an ovalbumin (OVA)-induced epicutaneous sensitization model. Results: Upon the epicutaneous application of OVA, conditional LC depletion attenuated the development of clinical manifestations as well as serum OVA-specific IgE increase, OVA-specific T-cell proliferation, and IL-4 mRNA expression in the draining lymph nodes. Consistently, even in the steady state, permanent LC depletion resulted in decreased serum IgE levels, suggesting that LCs mediate the T H2 local environment. In addition, mice deficient in TSLP receptors on LCs abrogated the induction of OVA-specific IgE levels upon epicutaneous OVA sensitization. Conclusion: LCs initiate epicutaneous sensitization with protein antigens and induce T H2-type immune responses via TSLP signaling.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Volume129
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Apr
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • epicutaneous sensitization
  • Langerhans cell
  • protein antigen
  • TSLP
  • TSLP receptor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

Cite this

Nakajima, S., Igyártó, B. Z., Honda, T., Egawa, G., Otsuka, A., Chikuma, M., Watanabe, N., Ziegler, S. F., Tomura, M., Inaba, K., Miyachi, Y., Kaplan, D. H., & Kabashima, K. (2012). Langerhans cells are critical in epicutaneous sensitization with protein antigen via thymic stromal lymphopoietin receptor signaling. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, 129(4). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaci.2012.01.063