Laparoscopic restorative proctocolectomy for patients with ulcerative colitis

Hirotoshi Hasegawa, Masahiko Watanabe, Hideo Baba, Hideki Nishibori, Masaki Kitajima

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Abstract

Background: Significant concern continues about the feasibility of laparoscopic restorative proctocolectomy (RP) with an ileal J pouch anal anastomosis in the surgical treatment of patients with ulcerative colitis (UC). The aim of this study was to clarify the feasibility of laparoscopic RP at a single institution where the surgical routine of laparoscopic colorectal surgery has already been established. Patients and Methods: Between July 1994 and December 2001, 18 patients with UC underwent laparoscopic RP. The median age was 30 (range, 18-51) years, and the median follow-up was 20 (range, 5-89) months. Five trocars were placed. After the entire colon and rectum were mobilized and the vessels were divided intracorporeally, the rectum was divided with use of a laparoscopic linear stapler. A pouch anal anastomosis was fashioned with use of a double stapling technique. A diverting loop ileostomy was fashioned. Results: There were no conversions to the open procedure. The median operative time and median blood loss were 360 (range, 290-500) minutes and 105 (range, 10-586) mL, respectively. Six postoperative complications occurred (wound sepsis, 2; bowel obstruction, 1; anastomotic stricture, 2; pouchitis, 1). In one patient, a bowel obstruction developed 3 months after the operation, which was managed conservatively. The median length of the hospital stay was 9 (range, 7-21) days. Conclusions: The laparoscopic RP is safe and feasible in selected patients with UC. New laparoscopic instrumentation, such as a linear stapler, and a more reliable laparoscopic coagulating and dividing tool should be designed, which would make it possible to perform this procedure more frequently in the surgical treatment of UC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)403-406
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Laparoendoscopic and Advanced Surgical Techniques - Part A
Volume12
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Jan 1

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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