Laparoscopic transposition and reanastomosis of a circumcaval ureter were performed in a 52-year-old man with right flank pain. A preoperative perfusion pressure study revealed abnormally high intrapelvic pressure. Under laparoscopy, the renal pelvis was divided above the ureteropelvic junction and the ureter was relocated from behind the vena cava. A 5 cm segment of redundant ureter containing the postcaval segment was resected and the ureteral end and renal pelvis were reapproximated with interrupted.
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