Large mass enhancement in 3He monolayer fluids adsorbed on graphite preplated with 4He

D. Tsuji, Yosuke Matsumoto, S. Murakawa, H. Akisato, H. Kambara, Hiroshi Fukuyama

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3 Citations (Scopus)


A fluid monolayer of 3He adsorbed on a graphite surface is an ideal two-dimensional (2D) Fermi system. We have observed very large mass enhancement of the quasiparticles (m*/m = 20 ± 5) in preliminary heat-capacity measurements for high density 3He fluids adsorbed on graphite preplated with a 4He monolayer (3He/4He/gr). This could be divergence of m* toward the critical density for the 4/7 phase with a triangular lattice, which is a registered phase commensurate against the first layer. The observed m* is larger than those reported for other 2D 3He systems, e.g., m*/m = 13 for 3He/HD/HD/gr system, presumably because of the higher critical density. The apparent divergence of m* toward the different critical densities strongly suggests the Mott-Hubbard type transition between the 2D Fermi fluid phase and the registered phase under a strong onsite hardcore repulsion between the 3He atoms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)31-36
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Low Temperature Physics
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Jan

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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