Laser patch welding: Experimental study for application to endoscopic closure of bronchopleural fistula, a preliminary report

Koji Sensaki, Tsunenori Arai, Susumu Tanaka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and Objective: Postoperative bronchopleural fistula is a serious complication following pulmonary resection. To close the bronchopleural fistula, we developed a new method of endoscopic patch welding using laser tissue welding between bronchial tissue and a patch. Study Design/Materials and Methods: The feasibility of the laser patch welding was examined by in vitro and in vivo animal experiments. A newly developed carbon monoxide (CO) laser and an Argon ion laser were evaluated. Various tissue membranes and artificial membranes were evaluated as patch materials. Results: We found that the combination of expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (e‐PTFE; 200 μm in thickness) and the CO laser with contact irradiation method offered the strongest laser patch welding. Using this combination, the irradiation at 400 W/cm2 for 10 seconds resulted in 16–18 g of measured traction strength at the welding spot (2 mm in diameter). The welded e‐PTFE patch at bronchial stump remained for 5 weeks. Conclusion: Our results encourage use of this novel laser patch technique for clinical applications. © 1995 Wiley‐Liss, Inc.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)24-33
Number of pages10
JournalLasers in Surgery and Medicine
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1995

Keywords

  • bronchoscopic treatment
  • carbon monoxide laser
  • contact laser tip
  • e‐PTFE
  • laser tissue welding

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Dermatology

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