LATS1 and LATS2 phosphorylate CDC26 to modulate assembly of the tetratricopeptide repeat subcomplex of APC/C

Kenta Masuda, Tatsuyuki Chiyoda, Naoyuki Sugiyama, Aldo Segura-Cabrera, Yasuaki Kabe, Arisa Ueki, Kouji Banno, Makoto Suematsu, Daisuke Aoki, Yasushi Ishihama, Hideyuki Saya, Shinji Kuninaka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In budding yeast, the Mitotic Exit Network (MEN) regulates anaphase promoting complex/cyclosome (APC/C) via the Dbf2-Cdc14 signaling cascade. Dbf2 kinase phosphorylates and activates Cdc14 phosphatase, which removes the inhibitory phosphorylation of the APC/C cofactor Cdh1. Although each component of the MEN was highly conserved during evolution, there is presently no evidence supporting direct phosphorylation of CDC14 by large tumor suppressor kinase 1 (LATS1), the human counterpart of Dbf2; hence, it is unclear how LATS1 regulates APC/C. Here, we demonstrate that LATS1 phosphorylates the Thr7 (T7) residue of the APC/C component CDC26 directly. Nocodazole-induced phosphorylation of T7 was reduced by knockdown of LATS1 and LATS2 in HeLa cells, indicating that both of these kinases contribute to the phosphorylation of CDC26 in vivo. The T7 residue of CDC26 is critical for its interaction with APC6, a tetratricopeptide repeat-containing subunit of APC/C, and mutation of this residue to Asp (T7D) reduced the interaction of CDC26 with APC6. Replacement of endogenous CDC26 in HeLa cells with exogenous phosphor-mimic T7D-mutated CDC26 increased the elution size of APC/C subunits in a gel filtration assay, implying a change in the APC/C assembly upon phosphorylation of CDC26. Furthermore, T7D-mutated CDC26 promoted the ubiquitination of polo-like kinase 1, a well-known substrate of APC/C. Overall, these results suggest that LATS1/2 are novel kinases involved in APC/C phosphorylation and indicate a direct regulatory link between LATS1/2 and APC/C.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0118662
JournalPLoS One
Volume10
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Feb 27

Fingerprint

Anaphase-Promoting Complex-Cyclosome
Tumors
phosphotransferases (kinases)
Phosphorylation
Phosphotransferases
neoplasms
phosphorylation
Neoplasms
HeLa Cells
Nocodazole
anaphase promoting complex
Saccharomycetales
Ubiquitination
Phosphoric Monoester Hydrolases
Phosphors
Yeast
Gel Chromatography
Assays
Gels

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

LATS1 and LATS2 phosphorylate CDC26 to modulate assembly of the tetratricopeptide repeat subcomplex of APC/C. / Masuda, Kenta; Chiyoda, Tatsuyuki; Sugiyama, Naoyuki; Segura-Cabrera, Aldo; Kabe, Yasuaki; Ueki, Arisa; Banno, Kouji; Suematsu, Makoto; Aoki, Daisuke; Ishihama, Yasushi; Saya, Hideyuki; Kuninaka, Shinji.

In: PLoS One, Vol. 10, No. 2, e0118662, 27.02.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Masuda, Kenta ; Chiyoda, Tatsuyuki ; Sugiyama, Naoyuki ; Segura-Cabrera, Aldo ; Kabe, Yasuaki ; Ueki, Arisa ; Banno, Kouji ; Suematsu, Makoto ; Aoki, Daisuke ; Ishihama, Yasushi ; Saya, Hideyuki ; Kuninaka, Shinji. / LATS1 and LATS2 phosphorylate CDC26 to modulate assembly of the tetratricopeptide repeat subcomplex of APC/C. In: PLoS One. 2015 ; Vol. 10, No. 2.
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abstract = "In budding yeast, the Mitotic Exit Network (MEN) regulates anaphase promoting complex/cyclosome (APC/C) via the Dbf2-Cdc14 signaling cascade. Dbf2 kinase phosphorylates and activates Cdc14 phosphatase, which removes the inhibitory phosphorylation of the APC/C cofactor Cdh1. Although each component of the MEN was highly conserved during evolution, there is presently no evidence supporting direct phosphorylation of CDC14 by large tumor suppressor kinase 1 (LATS1), the human counterpart of Dbf2; hence, it is unclear how LATS1 regulates APC/C. Here, we demonstrate that LATS1 phosphorylates the Thr7 (T7) residue of the APC/C component CDC26 directly. Nocodazole-induced phosphorylation of T7 was reduced by knockdown of LATS1 and LATS2 in HeLa cells, indicating that both of these kinases contribute to the phosphorylation of CDC26 in vivo. The T7 residue of CDC26 is critical for its interaction with APC6, a tetratricopeptide repeat-containing subunit of APC/C, and mutation of this residue to Asp (T7D) reduced the interaction of CDC26 with APC6. Replacement of endogenous CDC26 in HeLa cells with exogenous phosphor-mimic T7D-mutated CDC26 increased the elution size of APC/C subunits in a gel filtration assay, implying a change in the APC/C assembly upon phosphorylation of CDC26. Furthermore, T7D-mutated CDC26 promoted the ubiquitination of polo-like kinase 1, a well-known substrate of APC/C. Overall, these results suggest that LATS1/2 are novel kinases involved in APC/C phosphorylation and indicate a direct regulatory link between LATS1/2 and APC/C.",
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AU - Kuninaka, Shinji

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