LCCO2 analysis and requirements analysis of green sustainable policies of global production

Tomomi Nonaka, Masaru Nakano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


This paper evaluates CO2 emissions generated during the manufacturing phase of global production network and discusses requirements analysis of green sustainable policies of global production network to prevent carbon leakage arising from transnational production. It calculates CO2 emissions from electricity used in manufacturing, emissions during transport from mining to manufacturing countries and emissions during transport from manufacturing countries to market. A case study of electric vehicle (EV) production includes outcomes calculated CO2 emissions in the manufacturing phase and transportation phase: for production in China, India, Thailand, Germany, Japan and Mexico to market in Japan, German and Singapore. It is illustrated that CO2 emissions during manufacture of EVs vary significantly, depending on the carbon intensity from electricity generation and each country's technical efficiency, and transport has a minor influence on emissions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)408-417
Number of pages10
JournalNihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, C Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part C
Issue number798
Publication statusPublished - 2013 May 6
Externally publishedYes



  • Environmental benign manufacturing
  • Environmental conscious design
  • Green policy
  • Green supply chain
  • Life cycle assessment
  • Production system
  • Social system design
  • Sustainable manufacturing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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