Lepidimoide promotes light-induced chlorophyll accumulation in cotyledons of sunflower seedlings

K. Yamada, H. Matsumoto, K. Ishizuka, K. Miyamoto, S. Kosemura, S. Yamamura, K. Hasegawa

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Abstract

The effect of disaccharide lepidimoide on light-induced chlorophyll accumulation was studied in cotyledons of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) seedlings and detached cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) cotyledons. From studies on the structure-activity relationships of lepidimoide, its analogs, and sucrose with respect to light-induced chlorophyll accumulation in the cotyledons of sunflower seedlings, both lepidimoide and the free carboxylic acid of lepidimoide (lepidimoic acid) showed the highest promoting activity, whereas the hydrogenated lepidimoide, which lacks a double bond in the C4, 5 position in uronic acid, showed lower activity than lepidimoide; however, sucrose exhibited very weak activity. These results suggest that lepidimoide acts as a new type of plant growth regulator, not simply as a carbon source providing energy. Lepidimoide promoted not only light-induced chlorophyll accumulation in sunflower cotyledons but also light-induced 5-aminolevulinic acid content, which is considered to be a rate-limiting step in chlorophyll biosynthesis. Lepidimoide with cytokinin stimulated the accumulation of chlorophyll and 5-aminolevulinic acid additively. In detached cucumber cotyledons, lepidimoide also promoted light-induced Chlorophyll accumulation. These results indicate that lepidimoide, in cooperation with cytokinin, causes light- induced chlorophyll accumulation in the cotyledons of several dicot plant species' by affecting the level of 5-aminolevulinic acid.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)215-219
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Plant Growth Regulation
Volume17
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1998 Jan 1

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Keywords

  • 5-Aminolevulinic acid accumulation
  • Chlorophyll accumulation
  • Cucumis sativus
  • Cytokinin
  • Helianthus annuus
  • Lepidimoic acid
  • Lepidimoide
  • Structure-activity relationship

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Plant Science

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