Leukocyte Subpopulation Changes in Rats With Autotransplanted Endometrium and the Effect of Danazol

HIDEHIKO MATSUBAYASHI, TSUNEHISA MAKINO, KEN‐ICHI ‐I IWASAKI, TETSUO MARUYAMA, NOBUAKI OZAWA, TOMOTOSHI HOSOKAWA, KEN‐ICHI ‐I SOMEYA, SHIRO NOZAWA

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Abstract

PROBLEM: This study examines immune cell populations in rats with autotransplanted endometrium and determines the effect of danazol on leukocyte subsets. METHODS: As an experimental model of endometriosis, an autologous endometrial segment was implanted in the rat peritoneum. We used flow cytometry to analyze lymphocyte subsets in the peripheral blood (PB) and peritoneal fluid (PF) of the following groups of rats: no treatment, sham operation, endometrial implantation, endometrial implantation treated with danazol, and normal rats treated with danazol. RESULTS: The natural killer (NK) cell population was decreased in both the PB and PF of rats with autotransplanted endometrium. Moreover, NK cells increased in a dose‐dependent manner following danazol administration. Surgery itself increased the number of peritoneal macrophages as compared with the untreated group. This elevation was suppressed partially by endometrium‐implantation and was attenuated by subsequent administration of danazol in a dose‐dependent fashion. CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest that ectopic endometrial cells may release immunosuppressive factors. This is the first documentation that rats with autotransplanted endometrium show the same immunologic changes as humans with endometriosis, and establishes the utility of this model for the study of endometriosis. 1995 Munksgaard

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)301-314
Number of pages14
JournalAmerican Journal of Reproductive Immunology
Volume33
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1995 Apr

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Keywords

  • Endometriosis
  • NK cell
  • animal model
  • flow cytometry
  • macrophage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Cite this

MATSUBAYASHI, HIDEHIKO., MAKINO, TSUNEHISA., IWASAKI, KENICHI. I., MARUYAMA, TETSUO., OZAWA, NOBUAKI., HOSOKAWA, TOMOTOSHI., SOMEYA, KENICHI. I., & NOZAWA, SHIRO. (1995). Leukocyte Subpopulation Changes in Rats With Autotransplanted Endometrium and the Effect of Danazol. American Journal of Reproductive Immunology, 33(4), 301-314. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0897.1995.tb00899.x