Lifecycle, culture, and maintenance of the emerging cephalopod models Euprymna berryi and Euprymna morsei

Jeffrey Jolly, Yuko Hasegawa, Chikatoshi Sugimoto, Lin Zhang, Risa Kawaura, Gustavo Sanchez, Daria Gavriouchkina, Ferdinand Marlétaz, Daniel Rokhsar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Cephalopod research remains limited by the inability to culture species under laboratory conditions for multiple generations to provide continuous access to animals at all stages of the life cycle. Here, we describe a multi-generational laboratory culture system for two emerging cephalopod models: the hummingbird or Berry’s bobtail squid, Euprymna berryi Sasaki, 1929, and Morse’s bobtail squid, Euprymna morsei Verrill, 1881, which are primarily found off mainland Japan. E. berryi wild adults were spawned and raised to the third filial generation, and E. morsei wild adults were spawned and raised to the second filial generation in a closed system at 20°C. We report growth and survivorship data for a cohort of 30 individuals across the first generation raised in captivity. E. berryi and E. morsei grew exponentially during the first 90 and 60 days post-hatching, respectively. Survivorship at the first spawning event for E. berryi and E. morsei was 90% and 77%. E. berryi and E. morsei females spawned after days 112 and 71 days post-hatching, respectively. We describe the life history of each species and how to distinguish sexes. We discuss the challenges of cephalopod culture and how culturing these species address those problems.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1039775
JournalFrontiers in Marine Science
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Dec 2


  • aquaculture
  • bobtail squid
  • cephalopod
  • developmental biology
  • Euprymna
  • Euprymna berryi
  • Euprymna morsei
  • model organism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography
  • Global and Planetary Change
  • Aquatic Science
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Ocean Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Lifecycle, culture, and maintenance of the emerging cephalopod models Euprymna berryi and Euprymna morsei'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this