Local community intervention through depression screening and group activity for elderly suicide prevention

Hirofumi Oyama, Yutaka Ono, Naoki Watanabe, Eriko Tanaka, Seijiro Kudoh, Tomoe Sakashita, Shinji Sakamoto, Keiko Neichi, Kyoko Satoh, Kenji Nakamura, Kimio Yoshimura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study aims to evaluate outcomes of a community-based program to prevent suicide among the elderly (≥65 years old) using a quasi-experimental design with two neighboring references. During 1999-2004, the program including depression screening and group activity was conducted by the public health nurses in the Minami district (population 1685) of Nagawa town, rural Japan. Pre-post changes in the risk of completing suicide were estimated by the incidence rate ratios (IRR). The risk for Minami's elderly females was reduced by 74% (age-adjusted IRR, 0.26; 90% CI, 0.07-0.98) more than the historical trend, while there was no change in the risk of Minami's males and nor in the male or female references. The local intervention using public health nursing would be effective against suicide for elderly females without diffusing to the surroundings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)110-114
Number of pages5
JournalPsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
Volume60
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Feb 1

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Community-based intervention
  • Depression screening
  • Elderly
  • Gender difference
  • Suicide prevention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Oyama, H., Ono, Y., Watanabe, N., Tanaka, E., Kudoh, S., Sakashita, T., Sakamoto, S., Neichi, K., Satoh, K., Nakamura, K., & Yoshimura, K. (2006). Local community intervention through depression screening and group activity for elderly suicide prevention. Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 60(1), 110-114. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-1819.2006.01468.x