We theoretically investigate single-particle excitations in the BCS-BEC-crossover regime of an ultracold Fermi gas. Including strong pairing fluctuations within a T-matrix approximation, as well as effects of a harmonic trap potential in the local-density approximation, we calculate the local photoemission spectrum in the normal state. Recently, the JILA group measured this quantity in a K40 Fermi gas in order to examine homogeneous single-particle properties of this system. Comparing our results with this experiment, we show that this attempt indeed succeeds under JILA's experimental condition. However, we also find that the current local photoemission spectroscopy still has room for improvement in order to examine the pseudogap phenomenon predicted in the BCS-BEC-crossover region. Since ultracold Fermi gases are always in a trap, our results would be useful in applying this system to various homogeneous Fermi systems as a quantum simulator.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics