TY - JOUR

T1 - Localization on the D-brane, two-dimensional gauge theory and matrix models

AU - Matsuura, So

AU - Ohta, Kazutoshi

N1 - Copyright:
Copyright 2012 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

PY - 2006

Y1 - 2006

N2 - We consider the effective topological field theory on Euclidean D-strings wrapping on a 2-cycle in the internal space. We evaluate the vacuum expectation value of a suitable operator corresponding to the chemical potential of vortices bounded to the D-strings, and find that it reduces to the partition function of generalized two-dimensional Yang-Mills theory as a result of localization. We argue that the partition function gives a grand canonical ensemble of multi-instanton corrections for four-dimensional N=2 gauge theory in a suitable large N limit. We find two-dimensional gauge theories that provide the instanton partition function for four-dimensional N=2 theories with the hypermultiplets in the adjoint and fundamental representations. We also propose a partition function that gives the instanton contributions to four-dimensional N=2 quiver gauge theory. We discuss the relation between Nekrasov's instanton partition function and the Dijkgraaf-Vafa theory in terms of large N phase transitions of the generalized two-dimensional Yang-Mills theory.

AB - We consider the effective topological field theory on Euclidean D-strings wrapping on a 2-cycle in the internal space. We evaluate the vacuum expectation value of a suitable operator corresponding to the chemical potential of vortices bounded to the D-strings, and find that it reduces to the partition function of generalized two-dimensional Yang-Mills theory as a result of localization. We argue that the partition function gives a grand canonical ensemble of multi-instanton corrections for four-dimensional N=2 gauge theory in a suitable large N limit. We find two-dimensional gauge theories that provide the instanton partition function for four-dimensional N=2 theories with the hypermultiplets in the adjoint and fundamental representations. We also propose a partition function that gives the instanton contributions to four-dimensional N=2 quiver gauge theory. We discuss the relation between Nekrasov's instanton partition function and the Dijkgraaf-Vafa theory in terms of large N phase transitions of the generalized two-dimensional Yang-Mills theory.

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U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevD.73.046006

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevD.73.046006

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:33344479247

VL - 73

JO - Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology

JF - Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology

SN - 1550-7998

IS - 4

M1 - 046006

ER -