Long-range transport of ozone, carbon monoxide, and acidic trace gases at Oki Island, Japan, during PEM-WEST B / PEACAMPOT B campaign

Yoshizumi Kajii, Hajime Akimoto, Yuichi Komazaki, Shigeru Tanaka, Hitoshi Mukai, Kentaro Murano, John T. Merrill

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ground based measurements of ozone, CO, HNO3, SO2, HCl, and formic acid were carried out at Oki, a remote island site in the Sea of Japan, during Feburuary 26 to March 16, 1994, as the Pacific Exploratory Mission in the Western Pacific / Perturbation by East Asian Continental Air Mass to the Pacific Oceanic Troposphere (PEM-West B / PEACAMPOT B) campaign. According to trajectory analysis, the air mass reaching Oki was classified into four groups: northerly, northwesterly, west-northwesterly, and westerly flows. Clear dependence of gas concentrations on flow direction of air mass was found for all species studied. Lowest concentrations were observed in the northerly airflow originating from the Bering Sea. The mean concentrations of ozone and CO in northerly flow were 37.6±1.9 and 157±7 ppbv, respectively. The mean values of HNO3, SO2, HCl, and formic acid in the northerly flow were 34±10, 41±5, 107±23, and 54±81 pptv, respectively. The highest concentrations of all species were observed in the westerly flow passing through a lower boundary layer over the Yellow Sea and South Korean Peninsula. The mean concentrations of ozone and CO in the westerly flow were 45.9±4.0 and 292±44 ppbv, respectively. The mean values of HNO3, SO2, HCl, and formic acid in the westerly flow were 137±37, 2075±1307, 515±214, and 264±183 pptv, respectively. Clear seasonal variation of the "background" concentrations of ozone and CO were identified by comparison with the data from the PEM-West A /PEACAMPOT A campaign conducted in the fall. In contrast to other species, strong diurnal variation of formic acid with a daytime maximum was observed. The possibility of photochemical formation of formic acid from HCHO and the HO2 radical is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)28637-28649
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres
Volume102
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1997 Dec 20

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Forestry
  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Soil Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Palaeontology

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