Long-term consequences of birth in an ‘unlucky’ year: evidence from Japanese women born in 1966

Satoshi Shimizutani, Hiroyuki Yamada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)


This article explores the long-term consequence of a prevailing superstition regarding women who were born in 1966, a year of the fire horse, who were around 44 years of age in 2010. The findings indicate that ‘fire horse women’ are disadvantaged in some aspects such as divorce rates, educational attainment and their own and household level income, suggesting discrimination against fire horse women as a result of the superstition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1174-1178
Number of pages5
JournalApplied Economics Letters
Issue number16
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Nov 2



  • cohort
  • fire horse
  • gender
  • marriage
  • superstition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics and Econometrics

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