Long-term efficacy and safety of eculizumab in Japanese patients with PNH: AEGIS trial

Yuzuru Kanakura, Kazuma Ohyashiki, Tsutomu Shichishima, Shinichiro Okamoto, Kiyoshi Ando, Haruhiko Ninomiya, Tatsuya Kawaguchi, Shinji Nakao, Hideki Nakakuma, Jun Ichi Nishimura, Taroh Kinoshita, Camille L. Bedrosian, Keiya Ozawa, Mitsuhiro Omine

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14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) is a rare, progressive hematopoietic stem cell disorder characterized by chronic complement-mediated hemolysis leading to life-threatening complications and early mortality. Eculizumab, a humanized anti-C5 monoclonal antibody, inhibits terminal complement activation, reduces hemolysis, decreases the risk of thrombosis, and improves renal function and quality of life in PNH patients. The long-term efficacy and safety of eculizumab in Japanese patients were assessed in a 2-year extension to a 12-week, open-label study (AEGIS). Eculizumab treatment led to an immediate and sustained reduction in intravascular hemolysis (P < 0.001) and red blood cell transfusions (P = 0.0016) compared with baseline levels. There were no reports of thromboembolism during eculizumab treatment. The majority of patients had stable (56 %) or improved (41 %) renal function and an improved quality of life (P = 0.015), with sustained reductions in fatigue and dyspnea. Eculizumab was well tolerated; no deaths or serious hemolytic events were reported, and the rate of infections declined over time. There were no significant differences in the response to eculizumab in patients with or without bone marrow dysfunction. These results demonstrate that eculizumab is an effective, well-tolerated long-term treatment for Japanese PNH patients and leads to continued amelioration of some hemolytic complications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)406-416
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Hematology
Volume98
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Oct

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Keywords

  • Complement-inactivating agents
  • Eculizumab
  • Hematopoietic stem cell
  • Hemolysis
  • Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

Cite this

Kanakura, Y., Ohyashiki, K., Shichishima, T., Okamoto, S., Ando, K., Ninomiya, H., Kawaguchi, T., Nakao, S., Nakakuma, H., Nishimura, J. I., Kinoshita, T., Bedrosian, C. L., Ozawa, K., & Omine, M. (2013). Long-term efficacy and safety of eculizumab in Japanese patients with PNH: AEGIS trial. International Journal of Hematology, 98(4), 406-416. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12185-013-1404-y