Long-term results of expansive open-door laminoplasty for cervical myelopathy - Average 14-year follow-up study

Kazuhiro Chiba, Yuto Ogawa, Ken Ishii, Hironari Takaishi, Masaya Nakamura, Hirofumi Maruiwa, Morio Matsumoto, Yoshiaki Toyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

222 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

STUDY DESIGN. Retrospective case series on long-term follow-up results of original expansive open-door laminoplasty for cervical myelopathy due to cervical spondylosis (CSM) and ossification of posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL). OBJECTIVES. To elucidate efficacy and problems of original open-door laminoplasty to improve future surgical outcomes. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA. Little information is available on long-term outcomes of original open-door laminoplasty without grafts, implants, or instruments. METHOD. The study group included 80 patients who underwent original open-door laminoplasty and were followed for minimum 10 years. Clinical results, including Japanese Orthopedic Association scores, recovery rates, occurrences of complications, and long-term deterioration were investigated. Cervical alignments, type of OPLL, cervical range of motion, anteroposterior diameter of spinal canal, and progression of OPLL were assessed on plain radiographs. Spinal cord decompression was verified on magnetic resonance imaging. RESULTS. Average Japanese Orthopedic Association score and recovery rate improved significantly until 3 years after surgery and remained at an acceptable level in both cervical spondylosis and OPLL patients with slight deterioration after 5 years. Segmental motor palsy developed in 8 patients. Late deterioration, mainly lower extremity motor score decline, developed in 8 CSM and 16 OPLL patients. Overall cervical range of motion decreased by 36%. Patients with cervical lordosis decreased gradually in both patient groups. Such changes in alignments did not affect surgical results in CSM patients, while OPLL patients with preoperative kyphosis had lower recovery rates than those with straight and lordotic alignments. OPLL progression that was detected in 66% of patients did not affect clinical results. Although infrequent, magnetic resonance imaging revealed atrophy of spinal cord, spinal cord compression at adjacent segments due to degenerative changes and OPLL progression. CONCLUSIONS. Long-term results of open-door laminoplasty without bone graft, graft substitutes, or instruments were satisfactory. However, segmental motor paralysis, kyphosis, established before and after surgery, OPLL progression, and late deterioration due to age-related degeneration remain challenging problems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2998-3005
Number of pages8
JournalSpine
Volume31
Issue number26
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Dec

Fingerprint

Ossification of Posterior Longitudinal Ligament
Spinal Cord Diseases
Spondylosis
Kyphosis
Articular Range of Motion
Transplants
Paralysis
Orthopedics
Spinal Cord
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Laminoplasty
Lordosis
Spinal Cord Compression
Spinal Canal
Decompression
Atrophy
Lower Extremity

Keywords

  • Cervical myelopathy
  • Cervical spondylotic myelopathy
  • Expansive laminoplasty
  • Long-term surgical outcome
  • Ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Cite this

Long-term results of expansive open-door laminoplasty for cervical myelopathy - Average 14-year follow-up study. / Chiba, Kazuhiro; Ogawa, Yuto; Ishii, Ken; Takaishi, Hironari; Nakamura, Masaya; Maruiwa, Hirofumi; Matsumoto, Morio; Toyama, Yoshiaki.

In: Spine, Vol. 31, No. 26, 12.2006, p. 2998-3005.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chiba, Kazuhiro ; Ogawa, Yuto ; Ishii, Ken ; Takaishi, Hironari ; Nakamura, Masaya ; Maruiwa, Hirofumi ; Matsumoto, Morio ; Toyama, Yoshiaki. / Long-term results of expansive open-door laminoplasty for cervical myelopathy - Average 14-year follow-up study. In: Spine. 2006 ; Vol. 31, No. 26. pp. 2998-3005.
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abstract = "STUDY DESIGN. Retrospective case series on long-term follow-up results of original expansive open-door laminoplasty for cervical myelopathy due to cervical spondylosis (CSM) and ossification of posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL). OBJECTIVES. To elucidate efficacy and problems of original open-door laminoplasty to improve future surgical outcomes. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA. Little information is available on long-term outcomes of original open-door laminoplasty without grafts, implants, or instruments. METHOD. The study group included 80 patients who underwent original open-door laminoplasty and were followed for minimum 10 years. Clinical results, including Japanese Orthopedic Association scores, recovery rates, occurrences of complications, and long-term deterioration were investigated. Cervical alignments, type of OPLL, cervical range of motion, anteroposterior diameter of spinal canal, and progression of OPLL were assessed on plain radiographs. Spinal cord decompression was verified on magnetic resonance imaging. RESULTS. Average Japanese Orthopedic Association score and recovery rate improved significantly until 3 years after surgery and remained at an acceptable level in both cervical spondylosis and OPLL patients with slight deterioration after 5 years. Segmental motor palsy developed in 8 patients. Late deterioration, mainly lower extremity motor score decline, developed in 8 CSM and 16 OPLL patients. Overall cervical range of motion decreased by 36{\%}. Patients with cervical lordosis decreased gradually in both patient groups. Such changes in alignments did not affect surgical results in CSM patients, while OPLL patients with preoperative kyphosis had lower recovery rates than those with straight and lordotic alignments. OPLL progression that was detected in 66{\%} of patients did not affect clinical results. Although infrequent, magnetic resonance imaging revealed atrophy of spinal cord, spinal cord compression at adjacent segments due to degenerative changes and OPLL progression. CONCLUSIONS. Long-term results of open-door laminoplasty without bone graft, graft substitutes, or instruments were satisfactory. However, segmental motor paralysis, kyphosis, established before and after surgery, OPLL progression, and late deterioration due to age-related degeneration remain challenging problems.",
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AU - Chiba, Kazuhiro

AU - Ogawa, Yuto

AU - Ishii, Ken

AU - Takaishi, Hironari

AU - Nakamura, Masaya

AU - Maruiwa, Hirofumi

AU - Matsumoto, Morio

AU - Toyama, Yoshiaki

PY - 2006/12

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N2 - STUDY DESIGN. Retrospective case series on long-term follow-up results of original expansive open-door laminoplasty for cervical myelopathy due to cervical spondylosis (CSM) and ossification of posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL). OBJECTIVES. To elucidate efficacy and problems of original open-door laminoplasty to improve future surgical outcomes. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA. Little information is available on long-term outcomes of original open-door laminoplasty without grafts, implants, or instruments. METHOD. The study group included 80 patients who underwent original open-door laminoplasty and were followed for minimum 10 years. Clinical results, including Japanese Orthopedic Association scores, recovery rates, occurrences of complications, and long-term deterioration were investigated. Cervical alignments, type of OPLL, cervical range of motion, anteroposterior diameter of spinal canal, and progression of OPLL were assessed on plain radiographs. Spinal cord decompression was verified on magnetic resonance imaging. RESULTS. Average Japanese Orthopedic Association score and recovery rate improved significantly until 3 years after surgery and remained at an acceptable level in both cervical spondylosis and OPLL patients with slight deterioration after 5 years. Segmental motor palsy developed in 8 patients. Late deterioration, mainly lower extremity motor score decline, developed in 8 CSM and 16 OPLL patients. Overall cervical range of motion decreased by 36%. Patients with cervical lordosis decreased gradually in both patient groups. Such changes in alignments did not affect surgical results in CSM patients, while OPLL patients with preoperative kyphosis had lower recovery rates than those with straight and lordotic alignments. OPLL progression that was detected in 66% of patients did not affect clinical results. Although infrequent, magnetic resonance imaging revealed atrophy of spinal cord, spinal cord compression at adjacent segments due to degenerative changes and OPLL progression. CONCLUSIONS. Long-term results of open-door laminoplasty without bone graft, graft substitutes, or instruments were satisfactory. However, segmental motor paralysis, kyphosis, established before and after surgery, OPLL progression, and late deterioration due to age-related degeneration remain challenging problems.

AB - STUDY DESIGN. Retrospective case series on long-term follow-up results of original expansive open-door laminoplasty for cervical myelopathy due to cervical spondylosis (CSM) and ossification of posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL). OBJECTIVES. To elucidate efficacy and problems of original open-door laminoplasty to improve future surgical outcomes. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA. Little information is available on long-term outcomes of original open-door laminoplasty without grafts, implants, or instruments. METHOD. The study group included 80 patients who underwent original open-door laminoplasty and were followed for minimum 10 years. Clinical results, including Japanese Orthopedic Association scores, recovery rates, occurrences of complications, and long-term deterioration were investigated. Cervical alignments, type of OPLL, cervical range of motion, anteroposterior diameter of spinal canal, and progression of OPLL were assessed on plain radiographs. Spinal cord decompression was verified on magnetic resonance imaging. RESULTS. Average Japanese Orthopedic Association score and recovery rate improved significantly until 3 years after surgery and remained at an acceptable level in both cervical spondylosis and OPLL patients with slight deterioration after 5 years. Segmental motor palsy developed in 8 patients. Late deterioration, mainly lower extremity motor score decline, developed in 8 CSM and 16 OPLL patients. Overall cervical range of motion decreased by 36%. Patients with cervical lordosis decreased gradually in both patient groups. Such changes in alignments did not affect surgical results in CSM patients, while OPLL patients with preoperative kyphosis had lower recovery rates than those with straight and lordotic alignments. OPLL progression that was detected in 66% of patients did not affect clinical results. Although infrequent, magnetic resonance imaging revealed atrophy of spinal cord, spinal cord compression at adjacent segments due to degenerative changes and OPLL progression. CONCLUSIONS. Long-term results of open-door laminoplasty without bone graft, graft substitutes, or instruments were satisfactory. However, segmental motor paralysis, kyphosis, established before and after surgery, OPLL progression, and late deterioration due to age-related degeneration remain challenging problems.

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KW - Cervical spondylotic myelopathy

KW - Expansive laminoplasty

KW - Long-term surgical outcome

KW - Ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament

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