Loss of consciousness at ictus and/or poor World Federation of Neurosurgical Societies grade on admission reflects the impact of EBI and predicts poor outcome in patients with SAH

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: There are many scores and markers that predict poor outcome in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). However, parameters that can predict outcomes in patients with SAH with high specificity and sensitivity, which can be identified in the early postictal state and utilized as a clinical marker of early brain injury (EBI) have not been identified so far. Methods: Thirty-nine patients with SAH due to a saccular intracranial aneurysm rupture were reviewed. We retrospectively analyzed the relationships between patients' baseline characteristics and patients' outcomes to identify parameters that could predict patient outcomes in the early postictal state. Results: In the univariate analysis, older age (>65), loss of consciousness (LOC) at ictus, poor initial World Federation of Neurosurgical Societies (WFNS) grade (3-5), and delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI) were associated with poor outcome (GOS 1-3). Statistical analyses revealed that combined LOC at ictus and/or poor initial WFNS grade (3-5) was a more powerful surrogate marker of outcome (OR 15.2 [95% CI 3.1-75.5]) than either LOC at ictus or the poor initial WFNS grade (3-5) alone. Multivariate logistic regression analyses revealed that older age, combined LOC at ictus and/or poor initial WFNS grade, and DCI were independently associated with poor outcome. Conclusion: Combined LOC at ictus and/or poor initial WFNS grade (3-5) reflects the impact of EBI and was a useful surrogate marker of poor prognosis in SAH patients, independent of patients' age and state of DCI.

Original languageEnglish
Article number40
JournalSurgical Neurology International
Volume11
Issue number40
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Mar 6

Keywords

  • Early brain injury
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Outcome
  • Subarachnoid hemorrhage
  • World Federation of Neurosurgical Societies grade

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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