Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) with a narrow diameter distribution have been synthesized by hot-filament chemical vapor deposition using acetylene at 590 °C. Iron nanoparticles with diameters of 1.6, 2.0, 2.5, 5.0 and 10 nm (standard deviation: ≈10%) obtained with a differential mobility analyzer were used as a catalyst without any supporting materials on a substrate. SWNTs were obtained from 2.0 nm or smaller particles. The ratio of G band to D band in Raman spectra was as high as 35 without purification, indicating that high-quality SWNTs were synthesized. The SWNT diameters correlated with the particle diameters, demonstrating diameter-controlled SWNT growth.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry