Magnetic properties of ultrafine magnetite particles and their slurries prepared via in-situ precipitation

Jiwon Lee, Tetsuhiko Isobe, Mamoru Senna

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Abstract

Ultrafine magnetite particles of 4-10 nm were prepared in aqueous solutions of polyvinylalcohol (PVA) or PVA with partially exchanged carboxyl groups. The mode of agglomeration and dispersion of the particles were different depending on the properties of polymers in the solvent. The dispersion of magnetite particles prepared in PVA 1 wt.% aqueous solution at pH 13.8, was particularly stable. In contrast, those precipitated in an aqueous solution of PVA with 0.1 mol.% exchanged carboxyl groups agglomerated in the form of a chain-like cluster. The magnetic properties were sensitive to the state of agglomeration of the magnetite particles with adsorbed polymers. An increase of the coercive force after ball-milling was observed, due to the formation of the network structure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)121-127
Number of pages7
JournalColloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects
Volume109
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1996 Apr 20

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Keywords

  • agglomeration
  • coercive force
  • dispersion
  • magnetite
  • polymer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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