Mantle Q structure from S-P differential attenuation measurements

Satoko Oki, Peter M. Shearer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We describe a new one-dimensional Q model for short-period body waves derived from a data set of 15,000 differential t* measurements of teleseismic P and S waves recorded in broadband seismograms. Measured t* values are little affected by the source time function or instrument response since the P and S waves are recorded at the same station from the same event. We process the data using a waveform cross-correlation method applied to the first half cycle of the waveforms to avoid reflection and conversion effects. We invert our t* measurements for a two-layer QS model. Our new Q model has about the same attenuation in the upper mantle and less attenuation in the lower mantle than models derived from longer period data sets. This implies that the frequency dependence of Q is more apparent in the lower mantle and that the effects of attenuation in the upper mantle are approximately constant at frequencies below about 1 Hz. We also observe lateral variations of attenuation in the uppermost mantle by solving for station and event terms, which exhibit correlations with regional tectonics.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberB12308
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth
Volume113
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Dec 4
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Earth mantle
attenuation
mantle
lower mantle
P-wave
S-wave
upper mantle
P waves
S waves
waveforms
teleseismic wave
stations
frequency dependence
Correlation methods
body wave
Tectonics
seismogram
time functions
seismograms
cross correlation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Geophysics
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Mantle Q structure from S-P differential attenuation measurements. / Oki, Satoko; Shearer, Peter M.

In: Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, Vol. 113, No. 12, B12308, 04.12.2008.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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