Maternal uniparental isodisomy and heterodisomy on chromosome 6 encompassing a CUL7 gene mutation causing 3M syndrome

K. Sasaki, N. Okamoto, K. Kosaki, T. Yorifuji, O. Shimokawa, H. Mishima, K. I. Yoshiura, N. Harada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report a case of segmental uniparental maternal hetero- and isodisomy involving the whole of chromosome 6 (mat-hUPD6 and mat-iUPD6) and a cullin 7 (CUL7) gene mutation in a Japanese patient with 3M syndrome. 3M syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by severe pre- and postnatal growth retardation that was recently reported to involve mutations in the CUL7 or obscurin-like 1 (OBSL1) genes. We encountered a patient with severe growth retardation, an inverted triangular gloomy face, an inverted triangle-shaped head, slender long bones, inguinal hernia, hydrocele testis, mild ventricular enlargement, and mild mental retardation. Sequence analysis of the CUL7 gene of the patient revealed a homozygous missense mutation, c.2975G>C. Genotype analysis using a single nucleotide polymorphism array revealed two mat-hUPD and two mat-iUPD regions involving the whole of chromosome 6 and encompassing CUL7. 3M syndrome caused by complete paternal iUPD of chromosome 6 involving a CUL7 mutation has been reported, but there have been no reports describing 3M syndrome with maternal UPD of chromosome 6. Our results represent a combination of iUPDs and hUPDs from maternal chromosome 6 involving a CUL7 mutation causing 3M syndrome.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)478-483
Number of pages6
JournalClinical Genetics
Volume80
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Nov 1

Keywords

  • 3M syndrome
  • Cullin 7 (CUL7)
  • Genome-Wide Human SNP Array 6.0 (SNP6.0)
  • Maternal uniparental disomy of chromosome 6 (matUPD6)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

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