Measurement and estimation of high-vacuum effective thermal conductivity of polyimide foam in the temperature range from 160 k to 370 k for outer space applications

Ryuichi Takagi, Sumitaka Tachikawa, Takahiro Ohmura, Yuji Nagasaka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Polyimide foam (PF) is a low-thermal conductivity and lightweight material with high resistances against heat, protons, and UV irradiation. A new thermal insulation composed of PFs and multiple aluminized films (PF-MLI) has potential to be used in outer space as an alternative to conventional multilayer insulation (MLI). As fundamental numerical data, the effective thermal conductivity of PF in wide ranges of density and temperature need to be determined. In the present study, thermal-conductivity measurements were performed by both the periodic heating method and the guarded hot-plate method in the temperature range from 160 K to 370 K and the density range from 6.67 kg · m- 3 to 242.63 kg · m - 3. The experiments were carried out in a vacuum and under atmospheric pressure. For confirmation of the validity of the present guarded hot-plate apparatus under atmospheric pressure, the effective thermal conductivity of the lowest-density PF was measured with the aid of the heat flow meter apparatus calibrated by the standard reference material (NIST SRM 1450c) in the temperature range from 303 K to 323 K. In order to cross-check the present experimental results, the temperature and density dependences of the effective thermal conductivity of PF were estimated by means of the lattice Boltzmann method based on a dodecahedron inner microscopic complex structure model which reflects a real 3D X-ray CT image of PF.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)277-289
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Thermophysics
Volume35
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Feb

Keywords

  • Effective thermal conductivity
  • Guarded hot-plate method
  • Lattice Boltzmann method
  • Polyimide form
  • Porous material
  • Space applications

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics

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