Measurement of amount of pattern trim and surface chemistry for organic resist etching in an inductively coupled plasma in so2-O2 gas mixtures

Takeshi K. Goto, Toshiaki Makabe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

We experimentally investigated the amount of pattern trim of the organic photoresist and its relation to the chemical compositions of the photoresist surface, as a function of gas mixture ratio between SO2 and O 2 in an inductively coupled plasma (ICP) gaseous electronics conference (GEC) reference cell. Both the photoresist line pattern width loss and the photoresist thickness loss decreased along with the increase in the SO2 percentage from 10 to 68%. The ratio of the line pattern width loss to the thickness loss (= lateral-to-vertical etch rate ratio) decreased. The ratio corresponds to the amount of pattern trim in the bottom anti reflective coating (BARC) layer etching. We confirmed that photoresist pattern trim can be achieved in the ICP GEC reference cell as well as the gate etching process on a fabrication line. As the SO2 percentage increased, the density of atomic P in the bulk plasma decreased, while the atomic percentage of sulfur increased from 0.06 to 0.12 on the blanket photoresist surface. The reason why the lateral-to-vertical etch rate ratio decreased with the increase in the SO2 percentage is that the isotropic etching component by P atoms becomes smaller, and the anisotropic etching component, which is relevant to the sulfur on the photoresist surface, becomes larger with the increase in the SO2 percentage.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5297-5303
Number of pages7
JournalJapanese Journal of Applied Physics, Part 1: Regular Papers and Short Notes and Review Papers
Volume46
Issue number8 A
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Aug 6

Fingerprint

Inductively coupled plasma
Photoresists
Surface chemistry
photoresists
Gas mixtures
gas mixtures
Etching
etching
chemistry
Electronic equipment
sulfur
Sulfur
Reflective coatings
Anisotropic etching
blankets
cells
electronics
chemical composition
Plasmas
coatings

Keywords

  • Advanced process control (APC)
  • CMOS logic chip
  • Critical dimension (CD)
  • Gate fabrication
  • GEC reference cell
  • MOSFET
  • O
  • Photoresist
  • Plasma etching
  • SO

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

Cite this

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abstract = "We experimentally investigated the amount of pattern trim of the organic photoresist and its relation to the chemical compositions of the photoresist surface, as a function of gas mixture ratio between SO2 and O 2 in an inductively coupled plasma (ICP) gaseous electronics conference (GEC) reference cell. Both the photoresist line pattern width loss and the photoresist thickness loss decreased along with the increase in the SO2 percentage from 10 to 68{\%}. The ratio of the line pattern width loss to the thickness loss (= lateral-to-vertical etch rate ratio) decreased. The ratio corresponds to the amount of pattern trim in the bottom anti reflective coating (BARC) layer etching. We confirmed that photoresist pattern trim can be achieved in the ICP GEC reference cell as well as the gate etching process on a fabrication line. As the SO2 percentage increased, the density of atomic P in the bulk plasma decreased, while the atomic percentage of sulfur increased from 0.06 to 0.12 on the blanket photoresist surface. The reason why the lateral-to-vertical etch rate ratio decreased with the increase in the SO2 percentage is that the isotropic etching component by P atoms becomes smaller, and the anisotropic etching component, which is relevant to the sulfur on the photoresist surface, becomes larger with the increase in the SO2 percentage.",
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AB - We experimentally investigated the amount of pattern trim of the organic photoresist and its relation to the chemical compositions of the photoresist surface, as a function of gas mixture ratio between SO2 and O 2 in an inductively coupled plasma (ICP) gaseous electronics conference (GEC) reference cell. Both the photoresist line pattern width loss and the photoresist thickness loss decreased along with the increase in the SO2 percentage from 10 to 68%. The ratio of the line pattern width loss to the thickness loss (= lateral-to-vertical etch rate ratio) decreased. The ratio corresponds to the amount of pattern trim in the bottom anti reflective coating (BARC) layer etching. We confirmed that photoresist pattern trim can be achieved in the ICP GEC reference cell as well as the gate etching process on a fabrication line. As the SO2 percentage increased, the density of atomic P in the bulk plasma decreased, while the atomic percentage of sulfur increased from 0.06 to 0.12 on the blanket photoresist surface. The reason why the lateral-to-vertical etch rate ratio decreased with the increase in the SO2 percentage is that the isotropic etching component by P atoms becomes smaller, and the anisotropic etching component, which is relevant to the sulfur on the photoresist surface, becomes larger with the increase in the SO2 percentage.

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