Measurement of colonic mucosal concentrations of 5-aminosalicylic acid is useful for estimating its therapeutic efficacy in distal ulcerative colitis: Comparison of orally administered mesalamine and sulfasalazine

Makoto Naganuma, Yasushi Iwao, Haruhiko Ogata, Nagamu Inoue, Shinsuke Funakoshi, Shojirou Yamamoto, Yuji Nakamura, Hiromasa Ishii, Toshifumi Hibi

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Abstract

Objectives: Oral 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA) preparations have been used frequently in the treatment of ulcerative colitis. However, there have been few reports investigating the relationship between colonic mucosal concentrations of 5-ASA and its clinical efficacy when oral sulfasalazine or 5-ASA compounds were administered. The aim of this study is to compare the mucosal concentrations of 5-ASA ensured by sulfasalazine or mesalamine, and to define the clinical significance of the measurement of 5-ASA concentrations in the treatment of distal ulcerative colitis. Materials and Methods: Biopsies were taken from the rectum and sigmoid colon of the oral sulfasalazine group (n = 13) and the slow-release 5-ASA (mesalamine) group with (n = 5) or without (n = 11) rectal administration of 5-ASA. High-pressure liquid chromatography was used to measure the tissue concentrations of 5-ASA and its metabolites. We compared the 5-ASA concentrations of the sulfasalazine group with the mesalamine group. Furthermore, we analyzed the relationship between tissue 5-ASA concentrations and the Disease Activity Index (DAI). Results: The concentrations of 5-ASA and acetyl-5-ASA in the sulfasalazine group were higher than those in the group taking oral mesalamine alone (p < 0.01). The concentration of 5-ASA was much higher in the patients who received oral and rectal mesalamine in an enema than in the patients who had oral mesalamine alone. There was a significant inverse correlation between the DAI and concentrations of 5-ASA in the rectum (r = 0.712, p < 0.001). Conclusions: We demonstrated that the colonic mucosal concentration of 5-ASA was significantly higher in the sulfasalazine group than in the mesalamine group. Furthermore, the concentrations of mucosal 5-ASA may be a good marker for the estimation of its efficacy in the treatment of ulcerative colitis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)221-225
Number of pages5
JournalInflammatory Bowel Diseases
Volume7
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2001

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Mesalamine
Sulfasalazine
Ulcerative Colitis
Therapeutics
Rectum

Keywords

  • 5-Aminosalicylates, mucosal concentration
  • Aminosalicylates
  • Ulcerative colitis, distal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

Cite this

@article{4f1b913978e44a35b4355634a74296c0,
title = "Measurement of colonic mucosal concentrations of 5-aminosalicylic acid is useful for estimating its therapeutic efficacy in distal ulcerative colitis: Comparison of orally administered mesalamine and sulfasalazine",
abstract = "Objectives: Oral 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA) preparations have been used frequently in the treatment of ulcerative colitis. However, there have been few reports investigating the relationship between colonic mucosal concentrations of 5-ASA and its clinical efficacy when oral sulfasalazine or 5-ASA compounds were administered. The aim of this study is to compare the mucosal concentrations of 5-ASA ensured by sulfasalazine or mesalamine, and to define the clinical significance of the measurement of 5-ASA concentrations in the treatment of distal ulcerative colitis. Materials and Methods: Biopsies were taken from the rectum and sigmoid colon of the oral sulfasalazine group (n = 13) and the slow-release 5-ASA (mesalamine) group with (n = 5) or without (n = 11) rectal administration of 5-ASA. High-pressure liquid chromatography was used to measure the tissue concentrations of 5-ASA and its metabolites. We compared the 5-ASA concentrations of the sulfasalazine group with the mesalamine group. Furthermore, we analyzed the relationship between tissue 5-ASA concentrations and the Disease Activity Index (DAI). Results: The concentrations of 5-ASA and acetyl-5-ASA in the sulfasalazine group were higher than those in the group taking oral mesalamine alone (p < 0.01). The concentration of 5-ASA was much higher in the patients who received oral and rectal mesalamine in an enema than in the patients who had oral mesalamine alone. There was a significant inverse correlation between the DAI and concentrations of 5-ASA in the rectum (r = 0.712, p < 0.001). Conclusions: We demonstrated that the colonic mucosal concentration of 5-ASA was significantly higher in the sulfasalazine group than in the mesalamine group. Furthermore, the concentrations of mucosal 5-ASA may be a good marker for the estimation of its efficacy in the treatment of ulcerative colitis.",
keywords = "5-Aminosalicylates, mucosal concentration, Aminosalicylates, Ulcerative colitis, distal",
author = "Makoto Naganuma and Yasushi Iwao and Haruhiko Ogata and Nagamu Inoue and Shinsuke Funakoshi and Shojirou Yamamoto and Yuji Nakamura and Hiromasa Ishii and Toshifumi Hibi",
year = "2001",
language = "English",
volume = "7",
pages = "221--225",
journal = "Inflammatory Bowel Diseases",
issn = "1078-0998",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Inc.",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Measurement of colonic mucosal concentrations of 5-aminosalicylic acid is useful for estimating its therapeutic efficacy in distal ulcerative colitis

T2 - Comparison of orally administered mesalamine and sulfasalazine

AU - Naganuma, Makoto

AU - Iwao, Yasushi

AU - Ogata, Haruhiko

AU - Inoue, Nagamu

AU - Funakoshi, Shinsuke

AU - Yamamoto, Shojirou

AU - Nakamura, Yuji

AU - Ishii, Hiromasa

AU - Hibi, Toshifumi

PY - 2001

Y1 - 2001

N2 - Objectives: Oral 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA) preparations have been used frequently in the treatment of ulcerative colitis. However, there have been few reports investigating the relationship between colonic mucosal concentrations of 5-ASA and its clinical efficacy when oral sulfasalazine or 5-ASA compounds were administered. The aim of this study is to compare the mucosal concentrations of 5-ASA ensured by sulfasalazine or mesalamine, and to define the clinical significance of the measurement of 5-ASA concentrations in the treatment of distal ulcerative colitis. Materials and Methods: Biopsies were taken from the rectum and sigmoid colon of the oral sulfasalazine group (n = 13) and the slow-release 5-ASA (mesalamine) group with (n = 5) or without (n = 11) rectal administration of 5-ASA. High-pressure liquid chromatography was used to measure the tissue concentrations of 5-ASA and its metabolites. We compared the 5-ASA concentrations of the sulfasalazine group with the mesalamine group. Furthermore, we analyzed the relationship between tissue 5-ASA concentrations and the Disease Activity Index (DAI). Results: The concentrations of 5-ASA and acetyl-5-ASA in the sulfasalazine group were higher than those in the group taking oral mesalamine alone (p < 0.01). The concentration of 5-ASA was much higher in the patients who received oral and rectal mesalamine in an enema than in the patients who had oral mesalamine alone. There was a significant inverse correlation between the DAI and concentrations of 5-ASA in the rectum (r = 0.712, p < 0.001). Conclusions: We demonstrated that the colonic mucosal concentration of 5-ASA was significantly higher in the sulfasalazine group than in the mesalamine group. Furthermore, the concentrations of mucosal 5-ASA may be a good marker for the estimation of its efficacy in the treatment of ulcerative colitis.

AB - Objectives: Oral 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA) preparations have been used frequently in the treatment of ulcerative colitis. However, there have been few reports investigating the relationship between colonic mucosal concentrations of 5-ASA and its clinical efficacy when oral sulfasalazine or 5-ASA compounds were administered. The aim of this study is to compare the mucosal concentrations of 5-ASA ensured by sulfasalazine or mesalamine, and to define the clinical significance of the measurement of 5-ASA concentrations in the treatment of distal ulcerative colitis. Materials and Methods: Biopsies were taken from the rectum and sigmoid colon of the oral sulfasalazine group (n = 13) and the slow-release 5-ASA (mesalamine) group with (n = 5) or without (n = 11) rectal administration of 5-ASA. High-pressure liquid chromatography was used to measure the tissue concentrations of 5-ASA and its metabolites. We compared the 5-ASA concentrations of the sulfasalazine group with the mesalamine group. Furthermore, we analyzed the relationship between tissue 5-ASA concentrations and the Disease Activity Index (DAI). Results: The concentrations of 5-ASA and acetyl-5-ASA in the sulfasalazine group were higher than those in the group taking oral mesalamine alone (p < 0.01). The concentration of 5-ASA was much higher in the patients who received oral and rectal mesalamine in an enema than in the patients who had oral mesalamine alone. There was a significant inverse correlation between the DAI and concentrations of 5-ASA in the rectum (r = 0.712, p < 0.001). Conclusions: We demonstrated that the colonic mucosal concentration of 5-ASA was significantly higher in the sulfasalazine group than in the mesalamine group. Furthermore, the concentrations of mucosal 5-ASA may be a good marker for the estimation of its efficacy in the treatment of ulcerative colitis.

KW - 5-Aminosalicylates, mucosal concentration

KW - Aminosalicylates

KW - Ulcerative colitis, distal

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