Measurements were made of the thermal diffusivity of five molten alkali metal chlorides (LiCl, NaCl, KCl, RbCl, and CsCl) in the temperature range above 1000 °C by the forced Rayleigh scattering method. K2Cr2O7 was used as the dye substance in order to colour the transparent molten salts. The accuracy was estimated to be ±4% to ±11%, depending on the measured salts. In comparison with the present results converted into thermal conductivity, most of the previous experimental data obtained by the steady-state methods show values up to about five times larger, which may be due to the presence of convection and radiation. It was found that the thermal conductivity of this series of molten alkali metal chlorides decreases with increasing molecular weight, and that this temperature coefficients are weakly negative.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||High Temperatures - High Pressures|
|Publication status||Published - 1991 Dec 1|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry